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July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining.
- 1223 - In France, Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
- 1789 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
- 1791 - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
- 1798 - The Sedition Act becomes United States law making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
- 1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
- 1940 - World War II: Andrew George Latta McNaughton takes command of the 7th Army Corps consisting of British, Canadian and New Zealand troops.
- 1951 - In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
- 1958 - Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation's new leader.
- 1965 - Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
- 1966 - In Chicago, Richard Speck murders eight student nurses in their dormitory.
- 1966 - A fire at a mental hospital in Guatemala City kills 225.
- 1984 - New Zealand elects the Fourth Labour Government bringing in David Lange as Prime Minister of New Zealand, and thus breaking nine years of National party governance under Robert Muldoon
- 1992 - A major fire consumes an entire city block in tourist destination Gatlinburg, Tennessee, destroying the "Ripley's Believe It Or Not!" Museum and several other local businesses and attractions in the process.
- 2000 - George Speight, the principal instigator of the Fiji coup of 2000, was arrested with 369 of his followers and charged with treason.
- 2001 - The International Olympic Committee votes for Beijing to be the host of the 2008 Olympics. This is the first time that China had been bestowed this honor.
- 2002 - During Bastille Day celebrations, Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed.
- 1602 - Jules Mazarin, French statesman and cardinal (d. 1661)
- 1610 - Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
- 1829 - Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1896)
- 1857 - Emmeline Pankhurst, suffragette (d. 1928)
- 1860 - Owen Wister, American author (d. 1938)
- 1862 - Gustav Klimt, painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
- 1868 - Gertrude Bell, archaeologist, writer, spy and administrator known as the "Uncrowned Queen of Iraq" (d. 1926)
- 1904 - Isaac Bashevis Singer, author (d. 1991)
- 1910 - William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
- 1912 - Northrop Frye, American literary critic (d. 1991)
- 1912 - Woody Guthrie, American folk musician. (d. 1967)
- 1913 - Gerald Ford, American president
- 1916 - Natalia Ginzburg , writer (d. 1991)
- 1918 - Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film and theatre director
- 1918 - Arthur Laurents, playwright, novelist, and director
- 1919 - Lino Ventura, actor (d. 1987)
- 1921 - Leon Garfield, children's author (d. 1996)
- 1926 - Harry Dean Stanton, actor
- 1927 - John Chancellor, television commentator (d. 1996)
- 1938 - Jerry Rubin, 60s activist (d. 1994)
- 1939 - George E. Slusser, scholar, professor & writer
- 1939 - Karel Gott, Czech singer
- 1941 - Maulana Karenga, author & activist
- 1942 - Javier Solana, EU foreign policy chief
- 1946 - John Wood, actor
- 1967 - Robin Ventura, baseball player
- 1977 - Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
- 1980 - Michael Avraam ,sleazeball extraordinaire
Holidays and observances
July 13 - July 15 - June 14 - August 14 -- listing of all days
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