1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar).
- January 3 - Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie, Irish traveler.
- February 5 - Ole Bull, Norwegian Violinist
- February 11 - Loisa Puget , composer
- March 1 - Frédéric Chopin, Polish composer (d. 1849)
- March 2 - Pope Leo XIII (d. 1903)
- May 23 - Margaret Fuller, journalist, feminist (d. 1850)
- June 8 - Robert Schumann, German composer, pianist.
- July 21 - Henri Victor Regnault, chemist and physicist
- September 29 - Elizabeth Gaskell, British novelist
- October 10 - James Wilson Marshall, contractor and builder of Sutter's Mill
- December 11 - Alfred de Musset, French poet (d. 1857)
- Henry Rowe , Gothic architect