1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar).
President of the United States.
February 2 - World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill leave to meet with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin at the Yalta Conference.
February 3 - World War II: Russia agrees to enter the Pacific Theatre conflict against Japan.
February 4 - World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin begin the Yalta Conference (ends February 11)
February 7 - World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
February 8 - World War II: United States fire bombs Dresden, Germany killing 35,000 citizens.
February 9 - Walter Ulbricht becomes the leader of German communists in Moscow
February 10 - World War II: The SS General von Steuben sunk by the Soviet submarine S-13.
February 13 - World War II: Soviet Union forces capture Budapest, Hungary from the Nazis.
February 13 - World War II: The British Air Force bombs Dresden, Germany.
February 14 - Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru join the United Nations.
February 16 - World War II: American forces land on Corregidor island in the Philippines.
February 16 - American forces recapture the Bataan Peninsula
February 19 - World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima - about 30,000 United States Marines landed on Iwo Jima starting the battle.
February 21 - Last launch of an A4-rocket at Peenemünde
February 23 - World War II: Following the American victory at the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines reach the top of Mount Surabachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag. The photo will later win a Pulitzer Prize.
February 23 - World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces.
February 24 - Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
March 1 - Jesse Holman Jones starts his term of office as U.S. Secretary of Commerce, serving under President Franklin D. Roosevelt
March 2 - Launch of the Natter from Stetten am kalten Markt. The Natter was the first manned rocket and developed as anti-aircraft weapon. The launch failed and the pilot died.
March 3 - World War II: Previously neutral Finland declares war on the Axis powers.
March 3 - A possible experimental atomic test blast occurs at the Nazis' Ohrdruf military testing area .
March 6 - Communist-led government formed in Romania
March 7 - World War II: American troops seize the bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany and begin to cross.
March 8 - Josip Broz Tito forms a government in Yugoslavia
March 9 – March 10 - World War II: American B-29 bombers attack Japan with incendiary bombs. Tokyo is fire-bombed killing 100,000 citizens.
March 16 - World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends but small pockets of Japanese resistance persist.
March 17 - World War II: Japanese city of Kobe is fire-bombed by 331 B-29 bombers, killing over 8,000.
March 18 - World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
March 19 - World War II: Adolf Hitler orders that all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany be destroyed.
March 19 - Off the coast of Japan, bombers hit the aircraft carrier USS , killing 800 of her crew and crippling the ship.
Franklin March 21 - World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma
March 22 - The Arab League was formed with the adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt.
March 30 - World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna.
May 1 - Joseph Goebbels and his wife commit suicide after killing their 6 children. Karl Dönitz appoints Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk as the new Chancellor of Germany.
May 2 - World War II: The Soviet Union announces the fall of Berlin. Soviet soldiers hoist the red flag over the .
Reichstag building May 2 - World War II: Troops of Yugoslav 4th Army together with Slovene 9th Corpus NOV liberate Trieste.
May 3 - World War II: Sinkings of the floating-jails Cap Arcona, Thielbek and Deutschland by the RAF in the Lübeck Bay.
May 3 - Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun and 120 members of his team surrender to US forces. They later help start the US space program.
May 4 - World War II: Liberation of the concentration camp Neuengamme near Hamburg by the British army.
May 4 - World War II: Reddition of the North Germany army by Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
May 5 - Ezra Pound, poet and author, is arrested by American soldiers in Italy for treason.
May 5 - World War II: US armored unit liberates prisoners of Mauthausen concentration camp - including Simon Wiesenthal
May 5 - World War II: Canadian soldiers liberate the city of Amsterdam from Nazi occupation.
May 5 - World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.
May 6 - World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
May 7 - World War II: General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany's participation in the war. The document will take effect the next day.
May 8 - World War II: V-E Day (Victory in Europe, as Nazi Germany surrenders) commemorates the end of World War II in Europe.
May 8 - World War II: British 8th Army together with Slovene partisan troops and motorized detachment of Yugoslav 4th Army arrives to Carinthia and Klagenfurt.
May 8- 29 - In Algeria, French troops and released Italian POWs defeat rebellion of Algerians
May 9 - World War II: Hermann Göring is captured by the United States Army; Norway arrests Vidkun Quisling; Soviet Union marks V-E Day.
May 9 - World War II: General Alexander Löhr Commander of German Army Group E near Topolšica , Slovenia, signs capitulation of German occupation troops.
May 9 - World War II: Alderney, annex of the concentration camp Neuengamme liberated.
May 15 - the last battle of WWII at Poljana near Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia
May 23 - President of Germany Karl Dönitz and Chancellor of Germany Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk are arrested by British forces at Flensburg. They would respectively be the last German Head of state and Head of government until 1949.
May 23 - Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, commits suicide in British custody.
May 25 - In Atlantic, ships can finally keep their lights lit. Szilard begs Harry S. Truman not to use the bomb. 
May 28 - William Joyce, known as " Lord Haw-Haw" is captured. He is later charged with high treason in London for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio. He is hanged in January of 1946.
May 29 - Group of German communists, Ulbricht in the lead, arrive in Berlin
May 30 - Iranian government demands that Soviet and British troops leave the country
July 1 - World War II: Germany is divided between Allied occupation forces
July 5 - World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
July 8 - World War II: Harry S. Truman informed that Japan will talk peace if she can keep the Emperor. 
July 9 - A forest fire breaks out in the Tillamook Burn, the third fire in that area since 1933.
July 16 - Nuclear testing: The Trinity Test, the first test of an atomic bomb, using 6 kilograms of plutonium, succeeds in detonating, unleashing an explosion equivalent to that of 19 kilotons of TNT.
July 17 - World War II: Potsdam Conference - At Potsdam, the three main Allied leaders begin their final summit of the war. The meeting will end on August 2.
July 21 - World War II: Harry S. Truman approves order for atomic bombs to be used. 
July 23 - World War II: French marshall Philippe Pétain, who headed the Vichy government during World War II goes on trial, charged with treason.
July 26 - Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's prime minister after his Conservative Party is soundly defeated by the Labour Party. Clement Attlee becomes the new prime minister. Potsdam Declaration demands Japan's unconditional surrender; Article 12 permitting Japan to retain the Emperor had been deleted by Truman. 
July 28 - An Army Air Force B-25 bomber accidentally crashes into the Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
July 28 - World War II: Japan rejects Potsdam Declaration .
July 29 - The BBC Light Programme radio station was launched, aimed at mainstream light entertainment and music.
July 30 - World War II: The USS is hit and sunk by the Indianapolis Japanese submarine I 58. Some 900 survivors jump into the sea and are adrift for 4 days. Nearly 600 die before help arrives. Captain Charles Butler MacVey III is later court-martialed.
July 31 - World War II: Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
Year in topic
Science and Technology
Arthur C. Clarke puts forward idea of a communications satellite in a Wireless World magazine article
At Mayo Clinic, streptomycin first used to treat tuberculosis
Percy Spencer accidentally discovers that microwaves can heat food. Invention of microwave oven follows.
Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Newburgh, New York become the first cities to add fluoride to drinking water
The first nuclear reactor outside of the U.S. is built in Chalk River, Ontario, Canada.
High-altitude west-to-east winds across Pacific, discovered by Japanese in 1942 and by Americans in 1944, are dubbed " jet stream"
Salvador Edward Luria and Alfred Day Hershey independently recognize that viruses undergo mutations
Herbicide 2,4-D is introduced. Later used as a component of Agent Orange
Team led by Charles DuBois Coryell discovers element 61, the only one still missing between 1 and 96 on Periodic Table. New element is called promethium
January 3 - Stephen Stills ( Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young), singer, songwriter
January 3 - Victoria Principal, actress
January 10 - Rod Stewart, singer
January 19 - Maria Jespen , theologian
January 26 - Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d. 1987)
January 27 - Nick Mason, musician of Pink Floyd
January 28 - Marthe Keller , actress
January 29 - Tom Selleck, actor ( )
Magnum, P.I. January 30 - Michael Dorris, author (d. 1997)
February 3 - Bob Griese, Pro Football Hall of Famer
February 5 - Charlotte Rampling, actress
February 6 - Bob Marley, Jamaican roots rock reggae singer and musician (d. 1981)
February 7 - Pete Postlethwaite, actor
February 9 - Mia Farrow, actress
February 14 - Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein
February 17 - Brenda Fricker, actress
February 24 - Barry Bostwick, actor
February 28 - Bubba Smith, American football player, actor ( )
Police Academy March-April
March 1 - Dirk Benedict, movie and television actor ( )
The A-Team March 7 - John Heard , actor
March 8 - Jim Chapman, American politician
March 8 - Micky Dolenz, actor, director, musician (" The Monkees")
March 8 - Anselm Kiefer, painter
March 19 - Cem Karaca, Turkish rock musician
March 22 - Paul Schockemöhle , equestrian
March 29 - Walt Frazier, basketball player
March 30 - Eric Clapton, blues guitarist
April 2 - Linda Hunt, actress
April 4 - Daniel Cohn-Bendit, political activist
April 9 - Peter Gammons, baseball sportswriter, journalist
April 13 - Bob Kalsu, American football player (d. 1970)
April 13 - Tony Dow, Child actor
April 25 - Björn Ulvaeus, songwriter, member of the group ABBA
April 27 - August Wilson, playwright
May 2 - Sarah Weddington, attorney in Roe v. Wade case
May 4 - Narasinham Ram, journalist
May 6 - Bob Seger, rock music singer
May 6 - Jimmie Dale Gilmore, musician
May 8 - Keith Jarrett, jazz musician
May 13 - Magic Dick , musician ( The J. Geils Band)
May 15 - Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza presumptive heir to Portuguese crown
May 17 - Tony Roche, Australian tennis player
May 19 - Pete Townshend, guitarist, lyricist
May 21 - Ernst Messerschmid, physicist and astronaut
May 28 - John Fogerty, singer
May 31 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, director
June 1 - Frederica von Stade, American mezzo-soprano
June 12 - Pat Jennings, football player
June 15 - Her Royal Highness Princess Michael of Kent
June 17 - Art Bell - radio talk show host
June 17 - Eddy Merckx, Belgian cycling champion
June 17 - Anupam Kher, actor, India
June 19 - Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar poet, politician and Nobel peace laureate
June 25 - Carly Simon, singer, songwriter
June 26 - Dwight York, musician, fashion consultant, cult leader, child molester
July 7 - Michael Ancram (Michael Kerr, Earl of Ancram), British politician
July 8 - Micheline Calmy-Rey, member of the Swiss Federal Council
July 9 - Dean R. Koontz, fiction author
July 15 - Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
July 24 - Azim Premji, Indian businessman
July 28 - Jim Davis, cartoonist
July 28 - Richard Wright, keyboard player with Pink Floyd
August 7 - Alan Page, Pro Football Hall of Famer
August 9 - Posy Simmonds, cartoonist
August 14 - Steve Martin, actor and comedian
August 15 - Mahamandaleshwar Paramhans Swami Maheshwarananda, Hindu Guru
August 31 - Van Morrison, musician
August 31 - Itzhak Perlman, Israeli violinist
September 3 - Aldo Moro, Italian politician
September 8 - Jose Feliciano, singer
September 15 - Jessye Norman, American soprano
October 12 - Aurore Clément, French actress
October 15 - Jim Palmer, Baseball Hall of Famer
October 25 - David Schramm, astrophysicist
October 27 - Luís Inácio Lula da Silva, Brazilian President
October 30 - Henry Winkler, actor ( )
Happy Days November-December
November 5 - Jacques Lanctôt, FLQ terrorist
November 12 - Neil Young, ( Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young), singer, songwriter
November 15 - Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Norwegian singer, member of the group ABBA
November 26 - Daniel Davis, actor ( )
The Nanny November 26 - John McVie, musician
December 24 - Lemmy Kilmister, British bass player, singer( Motörhead)
January 3 - Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
January 22 - Else Lasker-Schuler, German poet (b. 1869)
January 31 - Eddie Slovik, American soldier (b. 1920)
February 5 - Lilian Rolfe, SOE agent executed by the Nazis (b. 1914)
February 5 - Violette Szabo, SOE agent executed by the Nazis (b. 1921)
February 5 - Denise Bloch, SOE agent executed by the Nazis (b. 1915)
February 11 - Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (b. 1891)
February 11 - J. S. H. Lokerman , Dutch resistance fighter
February 17 - Gabrielle Weidner, Belgian heroine of World War II (b. 1914)
February 21 - Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (b. 1902)
March - Anne Frank, at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp of typhus (b. 1929)
March 1 - Umenosuke Bessho , Japanese writer (b. 1871)
March 2 - Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
March 16 - Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874
March 18 - William Grover-Williams, Grand Prix motor racing driver/war hero (b. 1903)
March 19 - Friedrich Fromm , Nazi official
March 23 - Elisabeth de Rothschild, executed by the Nazis (b. 1902)
March 26 - David Lloyd George, Welsh Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1863)
March 30 - Elise Rivet, French nun and war heroine (b. 1890)
April 9 - Wilhelm Canaris, head of the German Abwehr (hanged for treason) (b. 1887)
April 9 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer, theologian in Nazi Germany (hanged) (b. 1906)
April 12 - United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (massive stroke) (b. 1882)
April 18 - Ernie Pyle, American journalist (sniper fire) (b. 1900)
April 28 - Benito Mussolini, Italian dictator (hanged) (b. 1883)
April 30 - Adolf Hitler, German dictator and Nazi party leader (suicide) (b. 1889)
May 1 - Cecily Lefort SOE agent, WW II heroine (executed by the Nazis) (b. 1900)
May 1 - Joseph Goebbels, Nazi propagandist (suicide) (b. 1897)
May 14 - Heber J. Grant, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
May 15 - Charles Williams, British author (b. 1886)
May 23 - Heinrich Himmler, head of the Nazi Gestapo (suicide) (b. 1900)
June 15 - Nikola Avramov, Bulgarian painter (b. 1897)
July 5 - John Curtin, fourteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
July 20 - Paul Valéry, French poet (b. 1871)
August 2 - Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (b. 1863)
August 9 - Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)
August 10 - Robert Goddard, American rocket scientist (b. 1882)
August 31 - Stefan Banach, Polish mathematician (b. 1892)
September 15 - Anton Webern, Austrian composer (b. 1883)
September 24 - Johannes Hans Geiger, inventor of the Geiger counter (b. 1882)
September 26 - Béla Bartók, Hungarian composer (b. 1881)
October 13 - Milton Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (b. 1857)
October 15 - Pierre Laval, Vichy French premier (firing squad) (b. 1883)
October 19 - N.C. Wyeth, American illustrator (b. 1882)
October 24 - Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian politician, traitor (executed) (b. 1887)
November 8 - August von Mackensen, German Field Marshal (b. 1849)
November 11 - Jerome Kern, American composer (b. 1885)
November 21 - Robert Benchley, , humorist, theater critic, actor (b. The New Yorker 1889)
December 4 - Thomas Hunt Morgan, American biologist (b. 1866)
December 20 - American General George S. Patton (car accident) (b. 1885)
December 28 - Theodore Dreiser, American author (b. 1871)
Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1864)
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