2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated:
January 1 -
Introduction of euro banknotes and coins in Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Greece, Austria, Belgium, Finland, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, and Portugal.
The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially enters in to force.
January 5 - Charles Bishop, a 15 year-old student pilot, crashes a light aircraft into a Tampa, Florida building, evoking fear of a copycat 9/11 terrorist attack.
January 9 - The United States Department of Justice announces it is going to pursue a criminal investigation of Enron.
January 10 - Enrique Bolaños began his five-year term as President of the Republic of Nicaragua.
January 13 - President George W. Bush faints after choking on a pretzel.
January 16 -
January 17 - Eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.
January 18 - A Canadian Pacific Railway train carrying anhydrous ammonia derails outside of Minot, North Dakota, killing one.
January 22 -
January 27 - Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria kill more than 1,000.
September 2 - The opening of the United Nations World Summit on Sustainable Development, successor of the 1972 Conference on the Human Environment, 1983 World Commission on Environment and Development, and the 1992 Conference on Environment and Development.
September 5 -
A car bomb kills at least 30 people in Afghanistan, and an apparent assassination attempt on Afghan President Hamid Karzai fails the same day.
The Sour Biscuit Fire in Oregon and northern California, which burned 499,570 acres (2,022 km²), is finally contained.
September 11 - The World Summit on Sustainable Development comes to a close.
September 12 - Iraq disarmament crisis: U.S. President George W. Bush, addresses the U.N. and challenges its members to confront the "grave and gathering danger" of Iraq or stand aside as the United States and likeminded nations act.
September 15 - The Swedish parliamentary election leaves Prime Minister Göran Persson and the Social Democrats in power.
September 22 - The German federal election leaves Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, his Social Democrats and the the Greens in power
November 5 - U.S. Elections: The Republican Party maintains control of the House of Representatives and regains control of the Senate.
November 7 - Iran bans advertising of US products.
November 8 - Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences".
November 9 - In Los Angeles, California, television and film actor Merlin Santana is shot to death while sitting in the passenger seat of a friend's car parked on the 3800 block of Victoria Avenue.
November 14 - Argentina defaults on a US$805 million World Bank payment
November 15 - Hu Jintao becomes general secretary of the Communist Party of China.
November 16 - A Campaign Against Climate Change march takes place in London from Lincoln's Inn Fields, past Esso offices to the United States Embassy.
November 18 - Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
November 21 - NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
November 22 - In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest.
November 25 - US President George W. Bush signs the Homeland Security Act into law, establishing the Department of Homeland Security in the largest US government reorganization since the creation of the Department of Defense in 1947 (the Senate passed the bill 90-9 on November 19).
For more deaths see:
Deaths in 2002 January
February 6 - Max Perutz, founder of molecular biology (b. 1914)
February 8 - Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (b. 1930)
February 9 - The Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, sister of Queen Elizabeth II of England (b. 1930)
February 10 - Harold Furth, American leader in plasma physics and nuclear fusion
February 11 - Barry Foster , British actor
February 12 - Theresa Ferber Bernstein , artist
February 14 - Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (b. 1922)
February 16 - Walter Winterbottom, the first England football manager (b. 1913)
February 21 - John Thaw, actor (b. 1942)
February 24 - Leo Ornstein, composer and pianist (b. 1912)
February 26 - Lawrence Tierney, actor
February 28 - Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (b. 1920)
May 5 - Hugo Bánzer Suarez , President of Bolivia
May 6 - Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (assassinated)
May 7 - Seattle Slew, American thoroughbred racehorse
May 11 - Joseph Bonanno, Sicilian Mafia boss
May 13 - Valeri Lobanovsky, Ukrainian football manager
May 19 - John Gorton, nineteenth Prime Minister of Australia
May 20 - Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist and author (b. 1941)
May 21 - Niki de Saint Phalle, French artist (b. 1930)
May 23 - Sam Snead, American golfer
May 26 - Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian marathon runner (b. 1932)
May 28 - Jean Berger, German-born composer (b. 1909)
June 1 - Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (b. 1969)
June 4 - Fernando Belaunde Terry, Peruvian politician, president of Peru ( 1963- 1968) ( 1980- 1985)
June 5 - Dee Dee Ramone, founding member of The Ramones (b. 1952)
June 6 - Hans Janmaat, controversial far-right politician in the Netherlands
June 7 - Mary Lilian Baels, Princess of Rethy, Belgium
June 10 - John Gotti, imprisoned mobster
June 11 - Robbin Crosby, guitarist of rock band Ratt
June 12 - Bill Blass, fashion designer
June 18 - Jack Buck, Major League Baseball announcer
June 23 - Pedro 'El Rockero' Alcazar, Panamian boxer
June 24 - Pierre Werner, former Prime Minister of Luxembourg, "father of the euro"
June 26 - Jay Berwanger, college football player, first winner of the Heisman Trophy
June 27 - John Entwistle, bassist for The Who
June 29 - Rosemary Clooney, singer, actress
July 4 - Benjamin O. Davis Jr., African-American general
July 6 - John Frankenheimer, film director
July 8 - Ward Kimball, Disney animator
July 13 - Yousuf Karsh, celebrity portrait photographer
July 14 - Joaquín Balaguer, Dominican politician, president of Dominican Republic ( 1960- 1962, 1966- 1978, 1986- 1996)
July 16 - John Cocke, key figure in the development of RISC architecture
July 19 - Alan Lomax, documenter of blues and folk songs
August 4 - Carmen Silvera, British actress
August 4 - (approximate date) Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman, child-murder victims
August 6 - Edsger Dijkstra, computer scientist
August 12 - Enos Slaughter, baseball Hall of Famer
August 14 - Dave Williams, the singer of Drowning Pool (found dead on the band's tour bus)
August 16 - Abu Nidal, Palestinian terrorist
August 23 - Hoyt Wilhelm, Baseball Hall of Fame member
August 25 - Dorothy Hewett, Australian poet, playwright and novelist
August 27 - Richard Ricci, Utah handyman and religious fanatic suspected of kidnapping 14-year-old Elizabeth Smart
August 31 - Lionel Hampton, American jazz musician
December 3 - Glenn Quinn, actor
December 5 - Ne Win, Burmese dictator
December 6 - Father Philip Berrigan, priest, political activist
December 6 - Charles Rosen, pioneer in artificial intelligence
December 9 - Stan Rice, painter, educator, poet, husband of author Anne Rice
December 18 - Ray Hnatyshyn, former Governor General of Canada (b. 1934)
December 22 - Joe Strummer, musician
Peace: Jimmy Carter, 39th US president "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development."
Literature: Imre Kertész, Hungarian writer "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history".
Raymond Davis Jr. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA) and Masatoshi Koshiba ( International Center for Elementary Particle Physics, University of Tokyo, Japan) "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"
Riccardo Giacconi (Associated Universities Inc., Washington DC, USA) "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"
Physiology or Medicine:
Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel
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