(Redirected from 22 July
July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining.
- 1499 - Battle of Dornach - The Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.
- 1587 - Colony of Roanoke: A second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
- 1793 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing north of Mexico.
- 1796 - Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
- 1805 - inconclusive battle of Cape Finisterre fought between combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Villeneuve and British under Admiral Calder.
- 1812 - Peninsular War: British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca in Spain.
- 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta - Outside of Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
- 1908 - Albert Fisher establishes the Fisher Body Company to manufacture carriage and automobile bodies.
- 1916 - In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
- 1933 - Wiley Post becomes first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
- 1934 - Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
- 1937 - New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1942 - Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
- 1946 - King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90.
- 1962 - Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
- 1977 - Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
- 1991 - Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys are found in his Milwaukee apartment.
- 1992 - Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
- 1997 - The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
- 2003 - Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.
- 1519 - Pope Innocent IX (d. 1591)
- 1784 - Friedrich Bessel, mathematician
- 1822 - Gregor Mendel, Austrian pioneering geneticist (d. 1884)
- 1844 - William Archibald Spooner, known for verbal inversions called spoonerisms (d. 1930)
- 1859 - Emma Lazarus, American poet (d. 1887)
- 1882 - Edward Hopper, painter (d. 1967)
- 1887 - Gustav Ludwig Hertz, quantum physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1975)
- 1890 - Rose Kennedy, mother of President John F. Kennedy (d. 1995)
- 1893 - James Whale, film director (d. 1957)
- 1894 - Oskar Maria Graf , writer (d. 1967)
- 1898 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
- 1898 - Alexander Calder, artist (d. 1976)
- 1905 - Doc Cramer, Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
- 1908 - Amy Vanderbilt, author on etiquette
- 1913 - Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and songwriter
- 1916 - Marcel Cerdan, world champion boxer (d. 1949)
- 1923 - Bob Dole - Senator from Kansas, U.S. presidential candidate
- 1923 - Mukesh, singer (d. 1976)
- 1924 - Margaret Whiting, singer
- 1932 - Oscar De la Renta, fashion designer
- 1934 - Louise Fletcher, Academy Award-winning actress in 1976
- 1936 - Tom Robbins, author
- 1939 - Terence Stamp, actor
- 1939 - Erhard Walther , artist
- 1940 - Alex Trebek, American game show host
- 1941 - George Clinton, musician
- 1944 - Estelle Bennett, singer, (Ronettes)
- 1946 - Mireille Mathieu, French singer
- 1946 - Stephen M. Wolownik, Russia musician (d. 2000)
- 1947 - Albert Brooks, comedian
- 1947 - Danny Glover, actor
- 1947 - Don Henley, drummer, singer, songwriter
- 1948 - Otto Waalkes, comedian
- 1948 - S.E. Hinton, author
- 1949 - Alan Menken, composer
- 1954 - Al Di Meola, guitarist
- 1955 - Willem Dafoe, actor
- 1961 - Keith Sweat, singer
- 1964 - David Spade, comedian
- 1965 - Shawn Michaels, professional wrestler
- 1971 - Kristine Lilly, American soccer player
- 1972 - Paulinho , footballer
- 1973 - Rufus Wainwright, singer and songwriter
- 1983 - Shelby Belle, actress
- 1461 - Charles VII of France (b. 1403)
- 1645 - Gaspar de Guzman, Count of Olivares, Duke of San Lucar
- 1676 - Pope Clement X
- 1832 - Napoleon II of France
- 1904 - Wilson Barrett, actor
- 1916 - James Whitcomb Riley, author, poet
- 1922 - Jokichi Takamine, chemist
- 1932 - Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. , theatrical producer
- 1934 - John Dillinger, bank robber, shot at the Biograph Theater in Chicago
- 1950 - William Lyon Mackenzie King, tenth Prime Minister of Canada
- 1967 - Carl Sandburg, poet
- 1974 - Wayne Morse, former Senator from Oregon
- 1989 - Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
- 1990 - Manuel Puig, author
- 1998 - Hermann Prey, German bass-baritone (b. 1929)
- 1998 - Alan Shepard, astronaut
- 2000 - Eric Christmas , actor
- 2003 - Wahome Muthahi, Kenyan humourist
- 2003 - Qusay Hussein of Iraq, son of Saddam Hussein
- 2003 - Uday Hussein of Iraq, son of Saddam Hussein
- 2004 - Sacha Distel, singer
- 2004 - George Kidd, Canadian diplomat
Holidays and observances
July 21 - July 23 - June 22 - August 22 -- listing of all days
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