(7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC - other centuries)
(600s BC - 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - other decades)
(2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD)
- Stesichorus of Sicily, lyric poet (c. 640-555 BC).
- Solon of Athens, one of the Seven Sages of Greece (638 - 558 BC).
- Thales, Greek mathematician ( 635 - 543 BC). Predicts solar eclipse in 585 BC.
- Pythagoras of Samos, Greek mathematician. See Pythagorean theorem. (582 - 496 BC).
- Cyrus the Great, king of Persia ( 576 - 529 BC, reigned 559 - 529 BC).
- Gautama Buddha, founding figure of Buddhism (c. 563 - 483 BC).
- Confucius, founding figure of Confucianism (551 - 479 BC).
- Aeschylus of Athens, playwright (525 - 456 BC).
- Darius I, King of Persia (reigned 521 - 485 BC).
- Lehi, first prophet recorded in the Book of Mormon
Inventions, discoveries, introductions