Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia (1795 - 1865). Daughter of Paul of Russia and Empress Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg. In 1816, she married Prince William VII of Orange, later King William II of the Netherlands. In 1840, on her father-in-law William I's abdication, she became queen-consort of the Netherlands. She was the mother of William III.
The genus of trees Paulownia is named after her.