April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining.
- 1253 - Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, declares his attention to preach the Lotus Sutra and Nam Myoho Renge Kyo as the true Buddhism, essentially founding the branch of Buddhism now known as Nichiren Buddhism.
- 1788 - Maryland becomes the 7th state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
- 1789 - Mutiny on the HMAV Bounty. Captain William Bligh and 18 sailors set adrift and rebel crew sets sail for Pitcairn Island.
- 1862 - American Civil War: Admiral David Farragut captures New Orleans, Louisiana.
- 1920 - Azerbaijan is added to the Soviet Union.
- 1930 - The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
- 1932 - A vaccine for yellow fever is announced for use on humans.
- 1937 - The Museum of Costume Arts opens in New York City.
- 1945 - Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are shot dead by members of the Italian resistance movement while trying to flee Italy.
- 1947 - Thor Heyerdahl and five crewmates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.
- 1952 - Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO in order to run for President of the United States.
- 1952 - Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ends.
- 1965 - United States troops land in the Dominican Republic to "forestall establishment of a Communist dictatorship" and to evacuate Americans.
- 1969 - Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France.
- 1970 - Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
- 1977 - The Red Army Faction trial ends, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe being found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder.
- 1978 - Afghanistan President Mohammed Daoud Khan is overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by procommunist rebels.
- 1987 - The 27-year old American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by US-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua. His death sets off a fierce debate in the United States.
- 1988 - Near Maui, Hawaii a flight attendant is sucked out of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 and falls to her death when an upper part of the plane's cabin area rips off in mid-flight. Metal fatigue is later found to be the cause of the failure.
- 1990 - After 6,237 performances, the Broadway musical A Chorus Line closes.
- 1994 - Former Central Intelligence Agency official Aldrich Ames pleads guilty to giving US secrets to the Soviet Union and later Russia.
- 1996 - Whitewater scandal: President Bill Clinton gives 4 1/2 hour videotaped testimony for the defense.
- 1996 - The world's worst 'spree killer', Martin Bryant, kills 35 people, and wounds another 18 at the Port Arthur massacre in Tasmania, Australia.
- 1997 - The 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention , signed in Paris in January 1993, goes into effect. Russia, Iraq and North Korea were notable nations who had not ratified the treaty.
- 2003 - Apple Computer's iTunes Music Store launches, selling 1 million songs in its first week.
- 2005 - The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) enters into force.
- 1442 - King Edward IV of England (d. 1483)
- 1758 - James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (d. 1831)
- 1810 - Daniel Ullmann , general (d. 1892)
- 1819 - Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar (d. 1884)
- 1874 - Karl Kraus, journalist and author (d. 1936)
- 1878 - Lionel Barrymore, actor (d. 1954)
- 1886 - Ğabdulla Tuqay, poet (d. 1913)
- 1889 - António de Oliveira Salazar, dictator of Portugal (d. 1970)
- 1896 - Charlie Rivel , clown (d. 1983)
- 1900 - Bruno Apitz , author (d. 1979)
- 1906 - Kurt Gödel, mathematician (d. 1978)
- 1908 - Oskar Schindler, businessman (d. 1974)
- 1923 - Horst-Eberhard Richter , psychoanalyst
- 1928 - Yves Klein, painter (d. 1962)
- 1928 - Eugene M. Shoemaker, planetary scientist (d. 1997)
- 1930 - James Baker, politician
- 1937 - Saddam Hussein, former leader of Iraq
- 1941 - Ann-Margret, actress
- 1948 - Terry Pratchett, author
- 1950 - Jay Leno, comedian
- 1958 - Hal Sutton, American golfer
- 1966 - John Daly, American golfer
- 1974 - Penélope Cruz, actress
- 1981 - Jessica Alba, actress
- 1772 - Johann Friedrich Struensee, royal physician of Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1737)
- 1813 - Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal, (b. 1745)
- 1853 - Ludwig Tieck, German writer (b. 1773)
- 1905 - Fitzhugh Lee, Confederate general
- 1926 - Zip the Pinhead, born William Henry Johnson (b. 1857)
- 1945 - Benito Mussolini Il Duce and Clara Petacci, shot, hanged upside down, mutilated
- 1978 - Sardar Mohammed Daoud, President of Afghanistan (b. 1909)
- 1992 - Francis Bacon, artist (b. 1909)
- 2000 - Penelope Fitzgerald, writer (b. 1916)
- 2002 - Alexander Lebed, Russian General (b. 1950)
- 2002 - Ruth Handler, inventor of the Barbie Doll (b. 1916)
Holidays and observances
April 27 - April 29 - March 28 - May 28 -- listing of all days
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