The Australian National University (ANU), is a university located in Canberra, the national capital of Australia. According to several international indices, it is the best university in Australia, being particularly strong in research. It is one of Australia's "Group of Eight" leading universities.
The ANU was founded in 1946 by the Australian Federal Government as Australia's only research only university. With a mandate for "postgraduate research and study, both generally and in relation to subjects of national importance to Australia" the ANU was intended to strengthen Australia's research efforts at the highest levels.
In 1960undergraduate education was added to the ANU by amalgamation with the Canberra University College. The University retains two distinct parts: the Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS) continuing a focus on research and postgraduate study, and the School of General Studies (now known as The Faculties) which includes both undergraduate and postgraduate students. The ANU also contains many focused schools and centres.
The academic structure of the ANU is made up of three parts; The Institute of Advanced Studies, The Faculties and the University Centres.
The Institute of Advanced Studies
The IAS is focused on post-graduate education and research. The IAS comprises nine research schools and a research centre:
Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Australia's premier university center for astronomical research, the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics (RSAA) runs the ANU's two observatories Mount Stromlo Observatory and Siding Springs Observatory . 
Research School of Biological Sciences
The Research School of Biological Sciences (RSBS) is one of Australia's leading biological research centres. Research is carried out in significant areas such as agriculture, environment, health and technology. 
Research School of Chemistry
The Research School of Chemistry (RSC) extends our fundamental knowledge in chemistry concentrating on areas of national importance. The RSC's outstanding performance is recognised around the world. 
Research School of Earth Sciences
The Research School of Earth Sciences (RSES) is one of the top ten, university geoscience programs in the world. 
Research School of Information Sciences and Engineering
The Research School of Information Sciences and Engineering (RSISE) contains the Departments of Systems Engineering and Telecomunications Engineering as well as the Computer Sciences Laboratory. 
Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
The Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies (RSPAS) is Australia's leading centre for research and postgraduate training on the Asia Pacific region. Priority research areas include Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia and the Southwest Pacific . 
Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering
Enjoying a reputation as a leader in interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary collaboration The Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies (CRES) includes economists, hydrologists , historians, ecologists, anthropologists and soil scientists . High quality research is undertaken into many natural resource and environmental issues. 
The ANU Faculties teach the undergraduate courses run by the university. They also have post-graduate research students. There are seven ANU Faculties:
The ANU Medical School is the newest of the ANU's schools. The schools foundation was announced on April 10, 2001, and the first intake of students was in February 2004. 
The University Centres are organisational structures that can draw from both the Faculties and the IAS.
Asia Pacific College of Diplomacy
Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government
Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute
Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research
Centre for Cross-Cultural Research
Centre for Mental Health Research
Humanities Research Centre
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health
National Graduate School of Management
Mathematical Sciences Institute (joint with The Faculties and the IAS)
The National Europe Centre
The ANU's main campus is located in, and occupies most of the Canberra suburb of Acton. The campus covers 1.45 km2 (350 acres) adjoining native bushland, Black Mountain, Lake Burley Griffin, the suburb of Turner and the city centre. With over 10,000 trees on its "green" campus, the ANU was awarded the Silver Greenhouse Challenge Award at the annual Australian Engineering Excellence Awards in 2003.