The Civil Works Administration was established by the New Deal during the Great Depression to make work, that is create jobs, for millions of the unemployed. The jobs were to be merely temporary, for the duration of the hard winter. Harry L. Hopkins was put in charge of the organization. US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveiled the CWA on November 8, 1933. It was replaced due to the Federal Emergency Relief Act on April 1, 1934.
Kennedy, David M., Cohen, Lizbeth, Bailey, Thomas A. The American Pageant. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.