French Guiana (French: Guyane) is an overseas département (département d'outre-mer, or DOM) of France, located on the Caribbean coast of South America.
Main article: History of French Guiana
First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements (see Devil's Island) until 1951.
Main article: Politics of French Guiana
As an integral part of France, French Guiana is part of the European Union, the largest part in area outside Europe and the only part outside Europe that is not an island (other than the small Spanish towns of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa).
Main article: Geography of French Guiana
French Guiana is located on the Caribbean coast of South America. To the west is Suriname, and Brazil is to the south and east.
See also: Communes of the Guyane département
Main Article: Economy of French Guiana
The European Space Agency launches its satellites from Centre Spatial Guyanais, Kourou.
Main article: Demographics of French Guiana
- The CIA World Factbook 2000
- Belbenoit, René. 1940. Hell on Trial. Translated from the Original French Manuscript by Preston Rambo. E. P Dutton & Co. Reprint by Blue Ribbon Books, New York, 1941. Reprint: Bantam Books, 1971.
- Belbenoit, René. 1938. Dry guillotine: Fifteen years among the living dead. Reprint: Berkley (1975). ISBN: 0425029506.
- Charrière, Henri. Papillon. Reprints: Hart-Davis Macgibbon Ltd. 1970. ISBN: 0246639873 (hbk); Perennial, 2001. ISBN: 0060934794 (sbk).
- French Guiana map