Gustave Malécot (December 28 1911 — November 1998) was a French population geneticist.
Malécot grew up in L'Horme , a small village near St. Étienne in the Loire departemente , the son of a mine engineer.
In 1935, Malécot a degree in mathematics from the École Normale Supérieure, Paris. He then went on to do a PhD under George Darmois and completed that in 1939. His work focused on Ronald Fisher's 1918 article The Correlation Between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance.
Between 1940 and 1942, with France under Nazi German occupation, Malécot taught mathematics at the Lyceé de Saint-Étienne. In 1942 he was appointed maître de conférence (lecturer) Université de Montpellier . In 1945 he joined the Université de Lyon, becoming professor of applied mathematics in 1946, a position he held until his retirement in 1981.
- Bryan K. Epperson, (1999) Gustave Malécot, 1911–1998: Population Genetics Founding Father. Genetics ... * article (requires subscription)
- Montgomery Slatkin and Michel Veuille (eds) Modern developments in theoretical population genetics: the legacy of Gustave Malécot - Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-19-859963-3
- Nagylaki, T., 1989 Gustave Malécot and the transition from classical to modern population genetics. Genetics 122: 253–268.