Honolulu Hale, located on 530 South King Street in downtown Honolulu in the City & County of Honolulu, Hawai'i, is the official seat of government of the city and county, site of the chambers of the Mayor of Honolulu and the Honolulu City Council.
In the Hawaiian language, hale (pronounced HAH-leh) means house or home. Honolulu Hale means House of Honolulu. It is a registered National Historic Landmark with the United States Department of Interior.
Honolulu Hale was an idea of Joseph J. Fern. Before becoming a mayor-council type of government, Honolulu was administered by the Board of Supervisors. Since the creation of the now defunct County of Oahu, the Board of Supervisors met in city halls located in various downtown Honolulu locations. Supervisor Fern had a vision of a permanent home for the fledgling municipal government which had only been created in 1900 upon passage of the Hawaiian Organic Act. When the County of Oahu and the Board of Supervisors were dissolved in 1907 and established the City & County of Honolulu, Fern became its first mayor and began making preliminary plans for the construction of a city hall. Unfortunately, Fern died in 1920 of diabetes before he could persuade residents of the need for a permanent city hall. Mayor John H. Wilson, who was also the Honolulu Chapter President of the American Association of Engineers , carried on the dream.
Honolulu Hale was finally completed in 1928 by the firm Dickey, Wood, Miller, Rothwell, Kangeter & Lester. It was built in a California Spanish colonial architectural style that was popular in the islands at the time. Its interior courtyard, staircase, and open ceiling were modeled after the Bargello in Florence. Einar Peterson was commissioned to paint frescoes in the interior while Mario Valdastri was commissioned to install intricate stonework. In 1951, two three-story wings were added to the original structure.
Surrounding Honolulu Hale are other prominent historic landmarks: Ali'iolani Hale, Hawai'i State Capitol, Iolani Palace, Kawaiaha'o Church and the Territorial Building. Within walking distance are Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew and Washington Place.