An insular area of the United States is a jurisdiction that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nation's federal district.
Insular area is the current generic term used by the U.S. State Department to refer to any commonwealth, freely associated state, possession or territory. In other contexts, U.S. insular areas may be described as dependencies, protectorates or dependent areas. (Dependent areas need not be under the formal jurisdiction of the United States.)
Residents of insular areas are U.S. citizens, although they do not pay American federal taxes and cannot participate in U.S. presidential elections nor elect voting members of the U.S. Congress. Goods manufactured in insular areas of the United States can be labeled "Made in the USA."
List and status of insular areas
Several islands in the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea are considered insular areas of the United States:
Except for Navassa Island and Wake Island, all of the following are part of the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: