January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 338 days remaining (339 in leap years).
98 Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
1186 - Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily.
1606 - Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, and ending in their execution on January 31.
1695 - Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Amhed II. Mustafa will ruled until 1703.
1785 - The University of Georgia is founded.
1825 - US Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the " Trail of Tears."
1870 - The first college sorority, Kappa Alpha Theta, is formed at DePauw University.
1880 - Thomas Edison files a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.
1888 - In Washington, DC the National Geographic Society is founded.
1900 - Boxer Rebellion: Foreign diplomats in Peking, China demand that the Boxer rebels be disciplined.
1915 - United States Marines occupy Haiti.
1926 - John Logie Baird demonstrates the first television broadcast.
1939 - The President of the United-States Franklin D. Roosevelt approves the sale of U.S. war planes to France.
1941 - World War II: Fighting at Derna, Libya, begins Following the capture of Tobruk 2 brigades of the 6th Australian Division under Major General Iven Mackay pursued the Italians westwards and encountered an Italian rear guard at Derna.
1943 - World War II: 50 bombers mount the first entirely American air raid against Germany, targeting Wilhelmshaven.
1944 - World War II: The two year Siege of Leningrad is lifted.
1945 - World War II: The Red Army arrives at Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland and find the Nazi concentration camp where 1.1-1.5 million people were murdered.
1951 - Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flats.
1967 - Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of the Apollo 1 spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center.
1967 - More than 60 nations sign the Outer Space Treaty banning nuclear weapons in space.
1973 - Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War.
1978 - Lt Marilyn R. Koon, 161st Aerial Refueling Squadron, Arizona Air National Guard, becomes first female Air National Guard Pilot.
1984 - Carl Lewis beats his own indoor world jumping record by 9-1/4 inches with a 28 feet, 10-1/4 inches jump.
1991 - Muhammad Siyad Barre flees his compound in Mogadishu.
1991 - Super Bowl XXV: The New York Giants defeat the Buffalo Bills, 20-19.
1992 - Mike Tyson goes on trial charged with raping a 1991 Miss Black America contestant.
1996 - Colonel Ibrahim Bare Mainassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.
1997 - It is revealed that French museums have nearly 2,000 pieces of art that were stolen by Nazis.
1998 - American First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton appears on the calling the attacks against her husband part of a "vast right-wing conspiracy."
Today Show 2002 - Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria kill more than 1,000.
1585 - Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
1662 - Richard Bentley, English Classical scholar
1720 - Samuel Foote, dramatist and actor (d. 1777)
1741 - Hester Thrale, diarist (d. 1821)
1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer (d. 1791)
1805 - Samuel Palmer, English artist (d. 1881)
1806 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
1814 - Eugčne Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
1832 - Lewis Carroll, English author of (d. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland 1898)
1836 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, writer (d. 1895)
1850 - Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (d. 1924)
1859 - Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany, last German Emperor and Prussian king (d. 1941)
1885 - Eduard Künnecke, composer (d. 1953)
1885 - Jerome Kern, composer (d. 1945)
1885 - Harry Ruby, musician, composer, writer (d. 1974)
1900 - Admiral Hyman Rickover, American admiral, proponent of the "nuclear Navy" (d. 1986)
1901 - Willy Fritsch , actor (d. 1973)
1901 - Art Rooney, American football team owner (d. 1988)
1903 - John Carew Eccles, neuropsychologist, winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1963 (d. 1997)
1905 - Howard McNear, American actor (d. 1969)
1908 - Oran "Hot Lips" Page, jazz trumpet (d. 1954)
1918 - Skitch Henderson, American band leader
1919 - Ross Bagdasarian, musician, actor (d. 1972)
1920 - Frankie Albert , American football star (d. 2002)
1920 - Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
1920 - Tony Martinez , Puerto Rican actor (d. 2002)
1921 - Donna Reed, American actress (d. 1986)
1924 - Sabu , actor (d. 1963)
1926 - Fritz Spiegl, journalist (d. 2003)
1929 - Mohamed Al-Fayed, retailer
1930 - Bobby Blue Bland, blues singer
1931 - Mordecai Richler, author (d. 2001)
1936 - Troy Donahue , actor (d. 2001)
1937 - John Ogdon, English pianist (d. 1989)
1940 - James Cromwell, American actor
1944 - Mairéad Corrigan , Northern Ireland peace activist
1944 - Nick Mason, English drummer Pink Floyd
1946 - Nedra Talley, singer, member of the Ronettes
1948 - Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian dancer
1956 - Mimi Rogers, actress
1957 - Janick Gers, musician ( Iron Maiden)
1959 - Keith Olbermann, news correspondent, sportscaster
1964 - Bridget Fonda, actress
1965 - Alan Cumming, actor
1968 - Mike Patton, lead singer of several bands in USA
1968 - Tricky, English rapper
1971 - Fann Wong, Chinese actress, singer, model ( Shanghai Knights)
1972 - Josh Randall , American actor
1974 - Chaminda Vaas, cricketer, Sri Lanka
1980 - Marat Safin, Russian tennis player
98 - Nerva, Roman Emperor (b. 35)
1490 - Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Ashikaga shogun (b. 1435)
1851 - John James Audubon, French-American naturalist, ornithologist, and painter (b. 1785)
1860 - János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician
1880 - Edward Middleton Barry, architect (b. 1830)
1901 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (b. 1813)
1910 - Thomas Crapper, inventor (b. 1836)
1940 - Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (b. 1894)
1956 - Erich Kleiber, German conductor (b. 1890)
1967 - Edward White (b. 1930), Virgil "Gus" Grissom (b. 1926), and Roger Chaffee (b. 1935), in capsule AS-204, which was later designated Apollo 1
1971 - Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
1972 - Mahalia Jackson, American singer
1975 - Bill Walsh, producer, writer (b. 1913)
1986 - Lilli Palmer, actress
1989 - Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer
1992 - Allan Jones, actor and singer (b. 1908)
1993 - André the Giant, professional wrestler and actor (b. 1946)
1994 - Claude Akins , actor
1996 - Ralph Yarborough, Texas politician (b. 1903)
2004 - Jack Paar, American television show host (b. 1918)
Holidays and observances
January 26 - January 28 - December 27 - February 27 -- listing of all days
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