June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining.
193 - Roman Emperor Marcus Didius is assassinated in his palace.
1283 - Treaty of Rheinfelden - Duke Rudolph II of Austria has to waive his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
1485 - Matthias of Hungary took Vienna in his conquest of Austria (from Frederick III) and made the city his capital.
1495 - Friar John Cor records the first known batch of scotch whisky.
1533 - Henry VIII of England's new wife, Anne Boleyn, is crowned as queen.
1660 - Mary Dyer is hanged in Boston, Massachusetts for defying a law banning Quakers from the colony. She is considered to be the last religious martyr in North America.
1779 - American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold is court-martialed for malfeasance in his treatment of government property.
1792 - Kentucky becomes the 15th state in the United States.
1796 - Tennessee becomes the 16th state in the United States.
1812 - War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asks the U.S. Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.
1813 - The United States Navy gained its motto as the mortally wounded commander of the frigate Chesapeake, Capt. James Lawrence, said, 'Don't give up the ship'.
1815 - Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
1831 - James Clark Ross discovers the position of the North Magnetic Pole on the Boothia Peninsula.
1847 - Zeta Psi Fraternity is founded.
1855 - American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua and reinstates slavery.
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Fair Oaks ends - Both sides claim victory.
1869 - Thomas Edison of Boston, Massachusetts, received a patent for his electric voting machine .
1879 - Eugene Louis Napoleon , Prince of France killed in the Zulu Wars
1890 - The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to count census returns.
1898 - The Trans-Mississippi Exposition world's fair opens in Omaha, Nebraska.
1907 - Colin Blythe takes 17 wickets for 48 runs against Northamptonshire at Northampton in one day. It is the best analysis ever recorded either for a county cricket match or a single day's bowling, and not bettered in first-class cricket until 1956.
1909 - The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition world's fair opens in Seattle, Washington.
1910 - Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition leaves England
1918 - World War I: Battle for Belleau Wood begins -
1921 - Tulsa Race Riot: A race riot in Tulsa, Oklahoma kills at least 85 people.
1922 - Official founding of the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
1935 - First driving tests introduced in Britain.
1938 - Action Comics issues the first comic.
Superman 1938 - Protective baseball helmets were worn by batters for the very first time.
1941 - World War II: Battle of Crete ends - Crete capitulates to Germany.
1943 - A civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.
1954 - The Peanuts comic strip character Linus van Pelt is shown with a security blanket for the first time. 
1958 - Charles De Gaulle is brought out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
1967 - The Beatles album is released.
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band 1971 - Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans for a Just Peace , claiming to represent the majority of U.S. veterans who served in Southeast Asia, speak against war protests.
1974 - Flixborough disaster: An explosion at a chemical plant in Flixborough, UK kills 28 people.
1978 - The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty are filed.
1979 - The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power, ousting Ian Smith and changing its name to Zimbabwe
1980 - The Cable News Network ( CNN) begins broadcasting.
1990 - U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production and start destroying each of their nation's stockpiles.
2000 - The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) is signed.
2003 - The People's Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the massive Three Gorges Dam, raising the water level near the dam over 100 meters.
1765 - Christiane Vulpius , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's wife (d. 1816)
1780 - Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian general (d. 1831)
1790 - Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright
1796 - Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
1801 - Brigham Young, Mormon church leader, settler, founder of Salt Lake City (d. 1877)
1804 - Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (d. 1857)
1815 - Philip Kearny, American general (d. 1862)
1826 - Carl Bechstein , piano manufacturer (d. 1900)
1831 - John Bell Hood, Confederate general (d. 1879)
1843 - Dr Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
1878 - John Masefield, English novelist and Poet Laureate (d. 1967)
1881 - Charles Kay Ogden, English writer, linguist and creator of Basic English
1890 - Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949)
1898 - Molly Picon, actress (d. 1992)
1899 - Edward Charles Titchmarsh, mathematician (d. 1963)
1901 - John Van Druten, English screen writer (d. 1957)
1921 - Nelson Riddle, Grammy Award-winning orchestra leader, arranger (d. 1985)
1922 - Joan Caulfield , actress
1922 - Povel Ramel , Swedish Musicman
1924 - Dr. William Sloane Coffin, Jr., radical American clergyman
1926 - Andy Griffith, American actor
1926 - Marilyn Monroe, American actress (d. 1962)
1928 - Georgi Dobrovolski, cosmonaut
1930 - Edward Woodward, English actor
1933 - Charles Wilson, American politician
1934 - Pat Boone ( Charles Eugene Boone), American singer
1936 - Gerald Scarfe, British cartoonist and illustrator
1937 - Morgan Freeman, American actor
1939 - Cleavon Little, American actor (d. 1992)
1939 - Jackie Stewart, British Formula One champion
1940 - René Auberjonois, American actor
1945 - Frederica von Stade, American mezzo-soprano
1946 - Brian Cox, Scottish actor
1947 - Jonathan Pryce, British actor
1947 - Ron Wood, English guitarist, (" The Rolling Stones" and the " Jeff Beck Group")
1948 - Tomás Halík , Czech priest, scholar and public intellectual
1956 - Lisa Hartman American actress
1961 - Paul Coffey, Canadian hockey star
1965 - Nigel Short, English chess player
1968 - Jason Donovan, Australian actor
1970 - Alexi Lalas, American football player
1973 - Heidi Klum, German supermodel
1973 - Derek Lowe, American baseball pitcher
1974 - Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer
1977 - Danielle Harris, American voice actress
1980 - Oliver James , British actor
1981 - Carlos Zambrano, Venezuelan baseball pitcher
1982 - Justine Henin-Hardenne, Belgian tennis player
195 BC - Gaozu of Han of China (b. 256 BC or 247 BC)
1846 - Pope Gregory XVI (b. 1765)
1868 - James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (b. 1791)
1876 - Hristo Botev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1848)
1927 - J. B. Bury, Irish historian (b. 1861)
1943 - Leslie Howard, English actor (b. 1893)
1946 - Ion Antonescu, Romanian prime minister and dictator (b. 1882)
1948 - Sonny Boy Williamson, American blues musician
1959 - Sax Rohmer, English author (b. 1883)
1960 - Lester Patrick, ice hockey star (b. 1883)
1966 - Papa Jack Laine, American jazz musician (b. 1873)
1968 - Helen Keller, American humanitarian (b. 1880)
1971 - Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologist (b. 1892)
1980 - Rube Marquard, American Baseball Hall of Famer (b. 1886)
1981 - Carl Vinson, United States Congressman (b. 1883)
1984 - Nat Nelson , singer
1994 - Frances Heflin, American soap opera actress (b. 1923)
1999 - DeForest Kelley, American actor (b. 1920)
2001 - Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist, creator of Dennis the Menace
2001 - King Birendra (b. 1945) and Queen Aiswarya of Nepal, (shot, possibly murdered)
2002 - Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (b. 1969)
2003 - Gerhard Rentzsch , radio play author
2004 - William Manchester, American biographer, novelist
Holidays and observances
May 31 - June 2 - May 1 - July 1 -- listing of all days
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