June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining.
- 1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Saleph River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
- 1692 - Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries".
- 1793 - The Jardin des Plantes museum opened in Paris (a year later it would become the first public zoo).
- 1829 - First Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge.
- 1846 - Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.
- 1854 - The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduate.
- 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Brice's Crossroads - Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
- 1886 - Eruption of Mount Tarawera in New Zealand, killing 153 people and destroying the famous Pink and White Terraces.
- 1898 - US Marines land on the island of Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
- 1924 - Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
- 1935 - Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by William G. Wilson and Dr. Robert Smith.
- 1940 - World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
- 1940 - World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
- 1940 - World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
- 1940 - World War II: Norway Surrenders to German forces.
- 1942 - World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
- 1944 - World War II: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
- 1944 - 15-year old Joe Nuxhall becomes the youngest baseballer to pitch a game in major league history.
- 1947 - Saab produces its first automobile.
- 1956 - 1956 Summer Olympics: Equestrian events open in Stockholm, Sweden.
- 1965 - Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
- 1967 - Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
- 1967 - Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
- 1973 - Paul Getty III , grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
- 1977 - James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee (he was recaptured on June 13).
- 1977 - Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer.
- 1980 - The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
- 1980 - Percy Wood , president of United Airlines, is injured by an exploding package sent by the Unabomber.
- 1991 - In what has been deemed "The Mother of All Parades," New York hosts a parade welcoming back troops from Operation Desert Storm.
- 1996 - Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without Sinn Féin.
- 1997 - Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen's family members before Pol Pot flees his northern stronghold.
- 1999 - Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
- 1657 - James Cragg the Elder, English politician (d. 1721)
- 1688 - James Francis Edward Stuart, "The Old Pretender" (d. 1766)
- 1803 - Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
- 1819 - Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
- 1835 - Rebecca Latimer Felton, first woman US Senator (d. 1930)
- 1844 - Carl Hagenbeck , animal trainer
- 1861 - Pierre Duhem, French physicist and philosopher of science (d. 1916)
- 1862 - Mrs Leslie Carter , nee Caroline Dudley, Broadway actress & star, (d. 1937)
- 1880 - André Derain, French painter and illustrator (d. 1954)
- 1895 - Hattie McDaniel, actress, and the first African American to win an Academy Award (d. 1952)
- 1897 - Grand Duchess Tatiana of Russia (d. 1918)
- 1901 - Frederick Loewe, composer (d. 1988)
- 1903 - Theo Lingen actor (d. 1978)
- 1903 - Clyde Beatty , hunter, circus impresario (d. 1965)
- 1907 - Fairfield Porter, American painter (d. 1975)
- 1910 - Howlin' Wolf, blues musician born as "Chester Burnett" (d. 1976)
- 1911 - Terence Rattigan, playwright (d. 1977)
- 1913 - Tikhon Khrennikov, composer
- 1915 - Saul Bellow, Canadian author, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (d. 2005)
- 1921 - Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
- 1922 - Judy Garland, American actress, singer (d. 1969)
- 1926 - Lionel Jeffries actor
- 1923 - Robert Maxwell, owner of Mirror Group Newspapers (d. 1991)
- 1927 - Lin Yang-kang, politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan
- 1928 - Maurice Sendak, writer, producer, illustrator
- 1929 - Harald Juhnke, German actor and comedian (d. 2005)
- 1929 - Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
- 1930 - Theo Sommer , journalist
- 1933 - F. Lee Bailey, celebrity attorney
- 1940 - John Stevens, British drummer (d. 1994)
- 1941 - Jürgen Prochnow, actor
- 1941 - Shirley Owens, singer, member of the Shirelles
- 1942 - Preston Manning, Canadian politician
- 1949 - Ronald James Padavona , (a.k.a. Ronnie James Dio) Heavy metal singer
- 1951 - Dan Fouts, American football star
- 1953 - John Edwards, senator
- 1957 - Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
- 1962 - Gina Gershon, American actress
- 1963 - Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
- 1964 - Jimmy Chamberlin, musician
- 1965 - Elizabeth Hurley, actress
- 1965 - Linda Evangelista, supermodel
- 1968 - Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
- 1971 - Joel Hailey aka JoJo, R&B singer
- 1973 - Faith Evans, R&B singer
- 1976 - Freddy Garcia, baseball pitcher
- 1981 - Miranda Gard , Singer
- 1982 - Princess Madeleine of Sweden
- 1982 - Tara Lipinski, figure skater
- 323 BC - Alexander the Great (b. 356 BC)
- 1075 - Margrave Ernest the Brave of Austria
- 1190 - Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (drowned) (b. 1122)
- 1424 - Duke Ernest the Iron of Inner Austria
- 1580 - Luis de Camões, Portuguese poet (b. 1524)
- 1654 - Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)
- 1692 - Bridget Bishop, accused witch
- 1831 - Hans Karl Friedrich Anton, count von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
- 1836 - André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
- 1901 - Robert Williams Buchanan, British poet, novelist and dramatist (b. 1841)
- 1902 - Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
- 1909 - Edward Everett Hale, author
- 1912 - Anton Aškerc , Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
- 1918 - Arrigo Boito, Italian poet and composer (b. 1842)
- 1923 - Pierre Loti, French sailor and writer (b. 1850)
- 1926 - Antoni Gaudí, Catalan architect (b. 1852)
- 1930 - Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
- 1934 - Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
- 1937 - Robert Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
- 1940 - Marcus Garvey, American civil rights activist (b. 1887)
- 1946 - Jack Johnson, boxer (b. 1878)
- 1947 - Alexander Bethune, twelfth Mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia (b. 1852)
- 1949 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian author, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature (b. 1882)
- 1958 - Angelina Weld Grimke, journalist and poet (b. 1880)
- 1967 - Spencer Tracy, actor (b. 1900)
- 1971 - Michael Rennie, actor (b. 1909)
- 1973 - William Inge, playwright (b. 1913)
- 1974 - Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900)
- 1976 - Adolph Zukor, producer (b. 1873)
- 1982 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, author, movie director (b. 1945)
- 1982 - Addie "Micki" Harris, singer (Shirelles) (b. 1940)
- 1986 - Merle Miller, biographer (b. 1919)
- 1988 - Louis L'Amour, American author (b. 1908)
- 1993 - Les Dawson, British comedian (b. 1933 or 34)
- 1996 - George Hees, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
- 1998 - Hammond Innes, English author (b. 1914)
- 2000 - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (b. 1930)
- 2000 - Arambam Somorendra , playwright (b. 1936)
- 2000 - Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
- 2001 - Princess Leila of Iran (b. 1970)
- 2001 - Mike Mentzer, philosopher, bodybuilder, and author (b. 1951)
- 2002 - John Gotti, Mafia boss (b. 1940)
- 2003 - Donald Regan, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (b. 1918)
- 2003 - Dr Phil Williams, Welsh politician and scientist (b. 1939)
- 2004 - Ray Charles, American singer and musician (b. 1930)
Holidays and observances
June 9 - June 11 - May 10 - July 10 -- listing of all days
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