June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining.
- 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath.
- 1418 - An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
- 1653 - First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard - lasted until June 13.
- 1665 - England installs a municipal government in New York City. This was the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.
- 1758 - French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg - James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
- 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor - General Ulysses S. Grant pulls his troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
- 1889 - 88 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in Northern Ireland.
- 1896 - J.T. Hearne sets a record for the earliest date of taking 100 first-class wickets.
- 1898 - Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.
- 1931 - Charlie Parker equals record for the earliest date to reach 100 wickets. Tich Freeman reaches 100 wickets a day later.
- 1935 - Senator Huey Long of Louisiana makes the longest speech on Senate record. The speech took 15 1/2 hours and was filled by 150,000 words. 
- 1935 - Chaco War ends: A truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932.
- 1939 - The Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is dedicated in Cooperstown, New York.
- 1940 - World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at St. Valery-en-Caux .
- 1942 - Holocaust: Future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
- 1963 - Cleopatra starring Elizabeth Taylor, Rex Harrison and Richard Burton premieres at the Rivoli Theatre in New York City.
- 1963 - Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is fatally shot in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron de la Beckwith .
- 1964 - South Africa sentences Nelson Mandela to life in prison.
- 1967 - The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional. 
- 1967 - Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data).
- 1978 - David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
- 1979 - Bryan Allen flies the Gossamer Albatross, man powered, across the English Channel.
- 1981 - Major League Baseball players begin a 49 day strike over the issue of free-agent compensation.
- 1982 - 750,000 people rally against nuclear weapons in New York City's Central Park. Jackson Browne, James Taylor, Bruce Springsteen, and Linda Ronstadt are in attendance.
- 1987 - The Central African Republic's former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
- 1987 - Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
- 1987 - Predator opens in theaters, directed by John McTiernan and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger.
- 1988 - Rusty Wallace wins the last Nascar Winston Cup race at the Riverside International Raceway
- 1990 - The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty (see Russia Day).
- 1991 - Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of their republic.
- 1991 - The Chicago Bulls win their first National Basketball Association championship. The Bulls beat the Los Angeles Lakers four games to one.
- 1993 - The Los Angeles radio station KROQ opens the first annual of their live concert Weenie Roast with Terence Trent D'Arby, Dramarama, Gin Blossoms, The Lemonheads, The London Suede, The Posies , Rocket From the Crypt, Bettie Serveert, Stone Temple Pilots, The The and X.
- 1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O. J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in a civil suit.
- 1996 - In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.
- 1997 - Interleague play begins in baseball, ending a 126-year tradition of separating the major leagues until the World Series.
- 1997 - The United States Department of the Treasury unveils a new $50 bill meant to be more counterfeit-resistant. 
- 1998 - A jury in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, convicts 17-year-old Luke Woodham of killing two students and wounding seven others at Pearl High School. 
- 1999 - Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins - NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enter the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- 2004 - The Los Angeles radio station KROQ opens the twelfth annual of their live concert Weenie Roast with Bad Religion, Beastie Boys, Cypress Hill, The Hives, Hoobastank, The Killers, Modest Mouse, New Found Glory, Story of the Year, The Strokes, Velvet Revolver, Yeah Yeah Yeahs and Yellowcard.
- 2004 - A 1.3 kg chondrite type meteorite struck a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand causing serious damage but no injuries.
- 1519 - Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1574)
- 1827 - Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (d. 1901)
- 1875 - Sam De Grasse, actor (d. 1953)
- 1890 - Egon Schiele, painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
- 1892 - Djuna Barnes, author (d. 1982)
- 1897 - Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1977)
- 1903 - Emmett Hardy, jazz musician (d. 1925)
- 1905 - Ray Barbuti, American athlete (d. 1988)
- 1915 - Christopher Mayhew, British politician (d. 1997)
- 1915 - David Rockefeller, banker
- 1916 - Ivan Tors , movie producer (d. 1983)
- 1916 - Irwin Allen, movie producer (d. 1991)
- 1918 - Samuel Z. Arkoff, movie producer (d. 2001)
- 1919 - Uta Hagen, actress (d. 2004)
- 1920 - Dave Berg, cartoonist for Mad Magazine (d. 2002)
- 1921 (some sources say 1919) - Vera Ralston , actress
- 1921 - James Houston, artist
- 1924 - George H.W. Bush, 41st President of the United States
- 1928 - Vic Damone, singer
- 1929 - Anne Frank, Nazi victim known for her diary (d. 1945)
- 1929 - Brigid Brophy, British writer
- 1930 - Otto Schenk , actor and director
- 1930 - Jim Nabors, actor and musician
- 1932 - Rona Jaffe, novelist
- 1935 - Christoph Meckel , writer
- 1941 - Chick Corea, musician
- 1941 - Marv Albert, sportscaster
- 1945 - Pat Jennings, football player
- 1946 - Harry Glasper, writer
- 1957 - Javed Miandad, great cricketer and coach, Pakistan national cricket team
- 1974 - Jason Mewes, actor
- 1974 - Hideki Matsui, Major League Baseball player
- 816 - Pope Leo III
- 1020 - Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury
- 1418 - Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac, French military leader (b. 1360)
- 1675 - Duke Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
- 1957 - Jimmy Dorsey, musician (b. 1904)
- 1963 - Medgar Evers, civil rights activist (b. 1925)
- 1966 - Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (b. 1891)
- 1980 - Milburn Stone, actor
- 1983 - Norma Shearer, actress (b. 1902)
- 1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson, ex-wife of O. J. Simpson (b. 1959)
- 1994 - Ronald Goldman, actor and model (b. 1969)
- 1995 - Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)
- 2002 - Bill Blass, fashion designer (b. 1922)
- 2003 - Gregory Peck, American actor (b. 1916)
Holidays and observances
June 11 - June 13 - May 12 - July 12 -- listing of all days
|Top Encyclopedia Articles