March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in Leap years). There are 296 days remaining.
- 241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sinks the Carthaginian fleet; end of First Punic War.
- 1496 - Christopher Columbus leaves Hispaniola for Spain, ending his second visit to the Western Hemisphere.
- 1629 - Charles I of England dissolves Parliament, starting the Eleven Years Tyranny in which there was no parliament.
- 1804 - Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
- 1814 - Napoleon I of France is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
- 1831 - The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
- 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican-American War.
- 1864 - Montana vigilantes hang Jack Slade
- 1864 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana.
- 1876 - Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call by saying "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you."
- 1880 - Members of the Salvation Army land in the United States and begin operations.
- 1891 - Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
- 1893 - Côte d'Ivoire becomes a French colony.
- 1902 - Boer War: South African Boers win their last battle over British forces, with the capture of a British general and 200 of his men.
- 1902 - A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.
- 1902 - Tochangri, Turkey, is completely destroyed by an earthquake.
- 1926 - The first Book-of-the-Month-Club selection is produced
- 1933 - An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 120 people.
- 1945 - The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting firestorm kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.
- 1951 - Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France
- 1952 - Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba
- 1964 - The Ford Mustang is first produced by the Ford Motor Company.
- 1966 - Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands marries Claus von Amsberg.
- 1969 - In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. Ray would later retract his guilty plea.
- 1970 - Vietnam War: Capt. Ernest Medina is charged with My Lai war crimes
- 1975 - Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Me Thout , South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.
- 1977 - Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus.
- 1982 - The United States places an embargo on Libyan oil imports because of their support of terrorist groups.
- 1982 - Syzygy: all 9 planets align on the same side of the Sun.
- 1987 - Reproductive rights: The Holy See condemns the practice of surrogate motherhood, along with test-tube babies and artificial insemination.
- 1990 - In Haiti, Prosper Avril is ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup.
- 1991 - Gulf War: Operation Phase Echo - 540,000 American troops begin to leave the Persian Gulf.
- 1996 - The "Summit of Peacemakers" takes place in Egypt.
- 1998 - American troops stationed in the Persian Gulf begin to receive the first vaccinations against anthrax.
- 2000 - The NASDAQ stock market index peaks at 5048.62, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.
- 2004 - Six Flags sells 8 of its theme parks to private investors.
- 2005 - In Edmonton, Alberta, the largest memorial (of its kind) in Canadian history was held for four RCMP constables who were gunned down March 3, 2005.
- 1452 - Ferdinand II of Aragon (d. 1516)
- 1503 - Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
- 1606 - Edmund Waller, English poet, (d. 1687)
- 1709 - Georg Steller, German naturalist, (d. 1746)
- 1772 - Friedrich von Schlegel, German aesthetician, poet, and publicist, (d. 1829)
- 1776 - Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen of Prussia, (d. 1810)
- 1788 - Joseph von Eichendorff, German writer (d. 1857)
- 1842 - Mykola Lysenko, composer
- 1844 - Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist (d. 1908)
- 1845 - Alexander III of Russia, Russian tsar
- 1847 - Kate Sheppard, leader of New Zealand female suffrage movement
- 1848 - Albert Fraenkel , physician, (d. 1916)
- 1880 - Broncho Billy Anderson, actor, (d. 1971)
- 1888 - Barry Fitzgerald, actor, (d. 1966)
- 1891 - Sam Jaffe, actor, (d. 1984)
- 1892 - Arthur Honegger, composer, (d. 1955)
- 1892 - Gregory La Cava, director, producer, writer, (d. 1952)
- 1903 - Bix Beiderbecke, jazz musician, (d. 1931)
- 1903 - Clare Boothe Luce, publisher, writer, (d. 1987)
- 1905 - Richard Haydn , British actor (d. 1985)
- 1915 - Harry Bertoia, Italian artist and designer, (d. 1978)
- 1918 - Heywood Hale Broun , sports journalist, commentator, (d. 2001)
- 1919 - Marion Hutton, American singer (d. 1987)
- 1927 - Paul Wunderlich , painter, graphic artist, sculptor
- 1927 - Jupp Derwall , football coach
- 1928 - James Earl Ray, assassin, (d. 1998)
- 1933 - Ralph Emery , television host
- 1936 - Sepp Blatter, president of FIFA
- 1940 - Dean Torrence , musician ("Jan and Dean")
- 1940 - Chuck Norris, actor, martial arts practitioner
- 1940 - David Rabe , American playwright
- 1941 - Joe Viterelli, American actor (d. 2004)
- 1946 - Jim Valvano, American basketball coach (d. 1993)
- 1947 - Kim Campbell, nineteenth Prime Minister of Canada and first woman to hold that office
- 1947 - Bob Greene, American journalist
- 1952 - Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwean politician
- 1957 - Marlon Jackson, singer
- 1957 - Osama bin Laden
- 1958 - Sharon Stone, actress
- 1961 - Laurel Clark, physician, astronaut (d. 2003)
- 1963 - Jeff Ament, bass player of Pearl Jam, musician.
- 1963 - Neneh Cherry, musician
- 1964 - Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
- 1965 - Rod Woodson, American football player
- 1966 - Edie Brickell, singer
- 1966 - Stephen Mailer , American actor
- 1971 - Ugonna Wachuku, poet, creative writer, author
- 1972 - Matt Kenseth, race car driver, 2003 NASCAR Winston Cup Champion
- 1977 - Bree Turner , American actress
- 1992 - Emily Osment , American actress
- 1895 - Charles Frederick Worth, couturier
- 1913 - Harriet Tubman, Underground Railroad conductor, anti-slavery activist, (b. 1820)
- 1940 - Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer
- 1948 - Zelda Fitzgerald (Mrs. F. Scott Fitzgerald), (b. 1900)
- 1948 - Jan Masaryk, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia, (b. 1886)
- 1973 - Eugene 'Bull' Connor, segregationist
- 1980 - Herman Tarnower , Scarsdale Diet doctor
- 1984 - June Marlowe, American actress
- 1985 - Konstantin Chernenko, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, (b. 1911)
- 1986 - Ray Milland, British actor, (b. 1907)
- 1988 - Andy Gibb, singer, (b. 1958)
- 1994 - Abdelkader Alloula, playwright, assassinated
- 1996 - Ross Hunter , producer
- 1997 - La Vern Baker, singer
- 1998 - Lloyd Bridges, actor, (b. 1913)
- 2000 - Barbara Cooney , children's book author and illustrator
- 2000 - Nim Chimpsky, signing chimpanzee
- 2003 - Barry Sheene, motorbike racer, (b. 1950)
- 2004 - Dave Blood, U.S. musician
- 2005 - Danny Joe Brown, Lead singer for Molly Hatchet, (b. 1951)
- 2005 - Dave Allen, Irish comedian
Holidays and observances
March 9 - March 11 - February 11 - April 11 -- listing of all days
|Top Encyclopedia Articles