March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). There are 304 days remaining.
- 986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
- 1717 - The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England.
- 1791 - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
- 1807 - The U.S. Congress passes an act to "prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States ... from any foreign kingdom, place, or country."
- 1836 - Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.
- 1855 - Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.
- 1861 - Nevada Territory and Dakota Territory are organized as political divisions of the United States.
- 1861 - Emancipation reform of 1861 in Russia: Tsar Alexander II signed the emancipation reform into law.
- 1877 - U.S. presidential election, 1876: The U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876 (Reconstruction ends).
- 1899 - In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
- 1901 - The U.S. Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
- 1903 - In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women.
- 1917 - The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans United States citizenship.
- 1917 - Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the throne in favor of his brother Michael.
- 1919 - The first Communist International meets in Moscow.
- 1933 - King Kong premieres in New York City.
- 1939 - Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII.
- 1943 - World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea - United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
- 1946 - Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam.
- 1949 - Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
- 1955 - King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
- 1956 - Morocco declares its independence from France.
- 1959 - Miles Davis holds the first recording session for Kind of Blue at Columbia 30th Street Studio in New York, NY.
- 1962 - In Hershey, Pennsylvania, Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers scores 100 points against the New York Knicks, breaking several National Basketball Association records.
- 1962 - In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup.
- 1963 - Release of Please Please Me in the United Kingdom, the first LP from The Beatles.
- 1969 - In Toulouse, France the first test flight of the Concorde is conducted.
- 1969 - Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
- 1972 - The Pioneer 10 spaceprobe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.
- 1974 - The worldwide hit single Seasons in the Sun first hits #1 on the U.S. Billboard charts.
- 1978 - Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.
- 1985- TV anime series Mobile Suit Z Gundum broadcasts its first episode in Japan.
- 1987- Chrysler acquires American Motors
- 1989 - Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
- 1990 - Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
- 1992 - Moldova joins the UN
- 1995 - Nick Leeson is arrested for his role in the collapse of Barings Bank.
- 1995 - Yahoo! is founded, establishing the Internet Portal as a model.
- 1998 - Data sent from the Galileo spaceprobe indicates that Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
- 2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, ending on March 19) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 allied troop fatalities.
- 2003 The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University .
- 2004 - Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag.
- 2004 - Disgruntled by the state's education act (Act 60), residents of Killington, Vermont vote to become part of New Hampshire.
- 2004 - War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
- 2004 - War in Iraq: A United Nations report from the weapons inspection teams states that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction of any significance after 1994, despite widespread belief to the contrary before the invasion.
- 1316 - King Robert II of Scotland, (d. 1390)
- 1542 - Thomas Bodley, English diplomat, scholar (d. 1613)
- 1779 - Joel Roberts Poinsett, U.S. statesman, botanist (d. 1851)
- 1793 - Sam Houston, President of the Republic of Texas, (d. 1863)
- 1810 - Pope Leo XIII, (d. 1903)
- 1824 - Bedrich Smetana, composer, (d. 1884)
- 1829 - Carl Schurz, German revolutionist and American statesman, (d. 1906)
- 1849 - Robert Means Thompson, naval officer, (d. 1930)
- 1859 - Sholom Aleichem, novelist, (d. 1916)
- 1876 - Pope Pius XII, (d. 1958)
- 1900 - Kurt Weill, composer, (d. 1950)
- 1902 - Moe Berg, baseball player, spy (d. 1972)
- 1904 - Dr. Seuss, author, (d. 1991)
- 1908 - Walter Bruch, engineer, (d. 1990)
- 1909 - Mel Ott, Baseball Hall of Famer, (d. 1958)
- 1914 - Martin Ritt, director, (d. 1990)
- 1917 - Desi Arnaz, actor, bandleader, musician, (d. 1986)
- 1919 - Jennifer Jones, actress
- 1923 - Bob Michel , American politician
- 1926 - Murray Rothbard, American economist, (d. 1995)
- 1930 - John Cullum, American actor, singer
- 1931 - Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the Soviet Union
- 1931 - Tom Wolfe, author
- 1935 - Al Waxman, Canadian actor (d. 2001)
- 1937 - Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria
- 1940 - Tony Croatto (d. 2005)
- 1942 - John Irving, author
- 1942 - Lou Reed, singer and guitarist
- 1943 - Peter Straub, author
- 1944 - Uschi Glas, actress
- 1948 - Jeff Kennett, Australian politician
- 1948 - Rory Gallagher, Irish guitaris
- 1948 - R. T. Crowley, writer, pioneer of EDI (Electronic Data Interchange)
- 1949 - Eddie Money, singer
- 1949 - JPR Williams, Welsh rugby player
- 1949 - Gates McFadden, American actress
- 1950 - Karen Carpenter, singer and drummer, (d. 1983)
- 1952 - Laraine Newman, comedian
- 1955 - Jay Osmond , American pop star / drummer for "The Osmond Brothers"
- 1955 - Shoko Asahara, Japanese religious leader
- 1956 - John Cowsill (musician)/drummer, singer, The Cowsills and The Beach Boys
- 1956 - Mark Evans , bassist of AC/DC
- 1958 - Ian Woosnam, Welsh golfer
- 1962 - Morioka Hiroyuki, writer, conlanger
- 1962 - Jon Bon Jovi, singer, songwriter, and actor
- 1964 - Megan Leigh , American erotic actress (d. 1990)
- 1977 - Heather McComb, actress
- 1977 - Chris Martin, British musician (Coldplay)
- 1979 - Damien Duff, Irish footballer
- 1981 - Bryce Dallas Howard, actress
- 1982 - Ben Roethlisberger, American football quarterback
- 1985 - Robert Iler, actor
- 1989 - Liam Hogan , comedian
- 855 - Lothar, King of the Franks, Holy Roman Emperor, (b. 795)
- 1791 - John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (b. 1703)
- 1797 - Horace Walpole, English politican and writer (b. 1717)
- 1880 - Sir John MacNeill civil engineer, (b. 1790)
- 1895 - Berthe Morisot, Impressionist painter, (b. 1841)
- 1921 - King Nicholas I of Montenegro (b. 1841)
- 1930 - D. H. Lawrence, writer, (b. 1885)
- 1938 - Ben Harney, US composer and ragtime pianist (b. 1871)
- 1939 - Howard Carter, British archaeologist (b. 1874)
- 1953 - Jim Lightbody, American middle-distance runner, (b. 1882)
- 1960 - Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (1918-1919) against the Germans (b.1874)
- 1982 - Philip K. Dick, science fiction author, (b. 1928)
- 1987 - Randolph Scott, actor, (b. 1898)
- 1991 - Serge Gainsbourg, singer, (b. 1928)
- 1992 - Sandy Dennis, actress
- 1999 - Dusty Springfield, singer, (b. 1939)
- 2001 - John Diamond, British journalist, (b. 1953)
- 2003- Hank Ballard, singer, composer
- 2003 - Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer, (b. 1931)
- 2004- Mercedes McCambridge, actress (b. 1918)
- 2004 - Marge Schott, former owner of the Cincinnati Reds (b. 1928)
- 2005 - Rick Mahler, Major League Baseball player (b. 1953)
Holidays and observances
March 1 - March 3 - February 2 - April 2 -- listing of all days
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