New Madrid is a city located in New Madrid County, Missouri. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 3,334. It is the county seat of New Madrid County.
Note: "Madrid" in this name is usually pronounced with the stress on the first syllable, unlike the Spanish capital Madrid.
The area is famous for being the site of a series of major earthquakes in 1811 and 1812. New Madrid, Missouri lies far away from any major plate boundaries, although it lies on what is called the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The earthquakes were felt as far away as Boston, Massachusetts and Washington, D.C.
New Madrid is located at 36°35'16" North, 89°32'9" West (36.587815, -89.535818)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.7 km² (4.5 mi²). 11.7 km² (4.5 mi²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 3,334 people, 1,275 households, and 882 families residing in the city. The population density is 284.8/km² (738.3/mi²). There are 1,414 housing units at an average density of 120.8/km² (313.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 72.56% White, 26.48% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. 0.69% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 1,275 households out of which 35.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% are married couples living together, 21.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% are non-families. 28.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.47 and the average family size is 3.02.
In the city the population is spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 79.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $27,422, and the median income for a family is $34,464. Males have a median income of $30,705 versus $21,045 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,639. 25.0% of the population and 22.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 36.9% of those under the age of 18 and 17.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.