The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually
to an author from any country who has produced "the most
outstanding work of an idealistic tendency". The "work"
in this case generally refers to an author's work as a whole,
not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes
cited in the awards. The Swedish Academy decides who, if
anyone, will receive the prize in any given year.
List of Nobel Prize laureates in Literature from 1901 to the present day.