November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining.
- 1923 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
- 1932 - U.S. presidential election, 1932: Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Herbert Hoover in a landslide victory.
- 1933 - Great Depression: New Deal - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
- 1935 - A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress for Industrial Organization (CIO), an organization charged with pushing the cause for industrial unionism.
- 1935 - Fernand Bouisson becomes Prime Minister of France
- 1937 - The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("the eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
- 1939 - Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.
- 1939 - In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes an assassination attempt while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
- 1942 - World War II: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
- 1950 - Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dog fight in history.
- 1960 - U.S. presidential election, 1960: John F. Kennedy is elected over Richard M. Nixon, becoming the youngest man elected to that office.
- 1965 - The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands.
- 1965 - The soap opera Days of Our Lives debuts on NBC in the United States.
- 1966 - Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate.
- 1973 - The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD.
- 1974 - In Salt Lake City, Utah, Carol DaRonch narrowly escapes abduction by serial killer Ted Bundy.
- 1987 - Enniskillen massacre : In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead, killing eleven people.
- 1988 - U.S. presidential election, 1988: George H. W. Bush is elected over Michael Dukakis.
- 1991 - Sonny Bono is elected to the U.S. Congress; at the same time, Marion Barry is reelected mayor of Washington, D.C..
- 1994 - For the first time in 40 years the United States Republican Party takes control of both the House of Representatives and the Senate in midterm congressional elections.
- 1997 - US president Bill Clinton speaks at a dinner sponsored by the Human Rights Campaign, the USA's largest gay rights organisation.
- 1997 - A newborn baby is found at a toilet in Walt Disney World's "Magic Kingdom"; the mother remains unknown.
- 35 - Nerva, Roman emperor
- 1622 - Charles X Gustav, king of Sweden
- 1656 - Edmond Halley, British astronomer, mathematician (birthday according to the Gregorian calendar)
- 1836 - Milton Bradley, manufacturer, lithographer, game maker (d. 1911)
- 1847 - Bram Stoker, Irish novelist (Dracula) (d. 1912)
- 1848 - Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician
- 1866 - Herbert Austin, automobile pioneer (Austin-Healey)
- 1868 - Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (d. 1942)
- 1883 - Arnold Bax, composer
- 1884 - Hermann Rorschach, psychiatrist
- 1893 - Clarence Williams, American jazz pianist and composer (d. 1965)
- 1896 - Bucky Harris, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1977)
- 1898 - Marie Prevost, actress (d. 1937)
- 1900 - Margaret Mitchell, American author (d. 1949)
- 1900 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete
- 1904 - Cedric Belfrage writer, socialist
- 1907 - Katharine Hepburn actress (d. 2003)
- 1908 - Martha Gellhorn, American writer and journalist (d. 1998)
- 1914 - Norman Lloyd , actor
- 1918 - Hermann Zapf, German designer
- 1919 - P.L. Deshpande, Indian author
- 1920 - Esther Rolle, actress (d. 1998)
- 1922 - Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon
- 1927 - Patti Page, singer
- 1927 - Nguyen Khanh, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
- 1927/1929 - Lal Krishna Advani, Indian politician
- 1931 - Morley Safer, journalist
- 1931 - Darla Hood, actress (d. 1979)
- 1935 - Alain Delon, actor
- 1949 - Bonnie Raitt, American singer
- 1953 - Alfre Woodard, actress
- 1954 - Jeanette McGruder, musician (P Funk)
- 1954 - Rickie Lee Jones, singer, composer
- 1967 - Courtney Thorne-Smith, actress
- 1968 - Parker Posey, actress
- 1968 - Zara Whites, Dutch porn actress
- 911 - Louis the Child, last Carolingian ruler of the East Franks
- 955 - Pope Agapetus II
- 1226 - Louis VIII of France (b. 1187)
- 1308 - Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher
- 1674 - John Milton, English poet (b. 1608)
- 1719 - Michel Rolle, mathematician (b. 1652)
- 1887 - Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)
- 1890 - César Franck, Belgian composer and organist
- 1917 - Colin Blythe, Kent and England left arm spinner (b. 1879)
- 1945 - August von Mackensen, German Field Marshal (b. 1849)
- 1953 - John van Melle, Dutch/South African author
- 1977 - Bucky Harris, Baseball Hall of Famer (b. 1896)
- 1978 - Norman Rockwell, American illustrator
- 1986 - Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet politician
- 1990 - Anya Seton, American author
- 1998 - Rumer Godden, novelist
- 1998 - Jean Marais, actor
- 2002 - Rudolf Noelte , theatre director
- 2002 - Jost Schillemeit , literature researcher
Holidays and observances
November 7 - November 9 - October 8 - December 8 -- listing of all dates
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