October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). There are 91 days remaining.
- 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Arbela
- 959 - Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England
- 965 - John XIII becomes Pope
- 1701 - Matthieu Garigue received by French Reformed Church of The Hague
- 1788 - Nguyen Hue declares himself emperor of Viet Nam
- 1791 - First session of the French Legislative Assembly
- 1795 - Belgium is conquered by France
- 1800 - Spain cedes Louisiana to France via Treaty of San Ildefonso
- 1811 - First steamboat to sail the Mississippi arrives in New Orleans
- 1814 - Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoleon the previous spring.
- 1854 - The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
- 1869 - Austria issues the world's first postcards
- 1880 - John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band
- 1880 - First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison
- 1885 - United States begins special-delivery mail service.
- 1887 - Baluchistan conquered by the British Empire
- 1890 - Yosemite National Park established by Congress
- 1891 - In California, Stanford University opens its doors
- 1898 - Czar Nicholas II expels Jews from major Russian cities
- 1898 - The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
- 1903 - The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern baseball World Series.
- 1908 - Ford introduces the Model T car
- 1910 - A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, California, killing 20.
- 1918 - Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (aka "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus.
- 1928 - The Soviet Union introduces its first Five-Year Plan.
- 1931 - The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
- 1936 - Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
- 1938 - Germany annexes Sudetenland
- 1943 - World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers
- 1946 - Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials
- 1949 - The People's Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong
- 1949 - First rectangular television tubes manufactured by Kimble Glass
- 1957 - First appearance of "In God We Trust" on paper currency
- 1958 - NASA created to replace NACA
- 1959 - Acme Refrigeration incorporated by Adrian Kaiser
- 1960 - Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom
- 1960 - Cyprus gains independence from the United Kingdom
- 1961 - East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
- 1961 - Roger Maris sets new record for most home runs in a single season.
- 1963 - California State Board of Education created.
- 1964 - Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
- 1964 - Japanese Shinkansen (or, "bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
- 1965 - General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
- 1968 - The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
- 1969 - The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
- 1971 - Walt Disney World opens in Orlando, Florida.
- 1975 - Seychelles gain internal self-government.
- 1975 - The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
- 1975 - Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila.
- 1977 - Brazilian soccer star Pelé retires
- 1979 - United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama
- 1982 - Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.
- 1982 - Epcot Center opens at Walt Disney World
- 1985 - The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
- 1988 - Mikhail Gorbachev is named head of the Supreme Soviet
- 1998 - ICANN assumes responsibility for selling top-level domain names for the Internet.
- 2004 - Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki makes his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old single-season record.
- 1207 - Henry III of England (d. 1272)
- 1471 - Frederick I of Denmark (d. 1533)
- 1760 - William Thomas Beckford, writer, politician (d. 1844)
- 1865 - Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
- 1881 - William Boeing, engineer (d. 1956)
- 1885 - Louis Untermeyer, author (d. 1977)
- 1876 - Huynh Thuc Khang , Vietnamese politician
- 1878 - Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist (d. 1950)
- 1890 - Stanley Holloway, British actor
- 1896 - Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan, (d. 1951)
- 1896 - Ted Healy (born Charles Earnest Lee Nash), actor, comedian (d. 1937)
- 1900 - Tom Goddard, Gloucestershire off spinner and fifth highest first class wicket taker (d. 1966)
- 1903 - Vladimir Horowitz, pianist (d. 1989)
- 1904 - Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian physicist
- 1909 - Sam Yorty, former mayor of Los Angeles, California (d. 1998)
- 1910 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (d. 1934)
- 1914 - Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
- 1920 - Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
- 1921 - James Whitmore, actor
- 1924 - Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States
- 1924 - William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States
- 1925 - Bob Boyd, Major League Baseball player (d. 2004)
- 1926 - Roger Williams, pianist
- 1927 - Tom Bosley, actor
- 1928 - Laurence Harvey, actor (d. 1973)
- 1928 - George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
- 1930 - Sir Richard Harris, actor (d. 2002)
- 1935 - Julie Andrews, British actress and singer
- 1936 - Stella Stevens, actress
- 1945 - Rod Carew, American baseball player
- 1946 - Tom O'Brien , American author
- 1947 - Stephen Collins, actor
- 1948 - Cub Koda, lead singer, Brownsville Station
- 1949 - Isaac Bonewits, American author
- 1950 - Randy Quaid, actor
- 1954 - Martin Strel, Slovene ultra marathon swimmer
- 1962 - Esai Morales, actor
- 1963 - Mark McGwire, American baseball player
- 1968 - Jon Guenther, American author
- 1979 - Rudi Johnson, American football player
- 1985 - Dizzee Rascal, British hip hop artist
- 1040 - Duke Alan III, Duke of Brittany, poisoned (b. 997)
- 1404 - Pope Boniface IX (b. c. 1350)
- 1684 - Pierre Corneille, French author (b. 1606)
- 1768 - Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (b. 1687)
- 1708 - John Blow, British composer (born 1648)
- 1864 - Rose Greenhow, Confederate spy (b. 1817)
- 1876 - James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
- 1901 - Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan amir (b. c. 1844)
- 1929 - Antoine Bourdelle, sculptor (b. 1861)
- 1955 - Charles Christie, pioneer film studio owner in Hollywood (b. 1880)
- 1980 - George Meany, American trade union leader (b. 1894)
- 1985 - E. B. White, American author (b. 1899)
- 1992 - Petra Kelly, German Green politician (b. 1947)
- 2002 - Walter Annenberg, publisher and philanthropist
- 2004 - Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
Holidays and observances
September 30 - October 2 - September 1 - November 1 - more historical anniversaries
|Top Encyclopedia Articles