- Not to be confused with the neighboring province of Shanxi
Shaanxi (; Postal System Pinyin: Shensi, pronounced like "Shahn-shee") is a northwestern province of the People's Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of the province.
By regular Hanyu Pinyin rules, both Shaanxi and the neighbouring province of Shanxi should be spelled as "Shanxi", and the difference is in tone: Shānxī and Shǎnxī. To make the difference clear even without tonal marks, the spelling "Shaanxi" was contrived for the province of Shǎnxī, while "Shanxi" is used for the province of Shānxī.
See also: Chang'an, Zhou Dynasty, Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty, Sui Dynasty and Tang Dynasty
Desert in the north along the border with Inner Mongolia, the Loess Plateau in the central part of the province, the Qinling mountains running east to west in the south central part, and subtropical climate south of the Qinling mountains.
Other cities include: Baoji , Hanzhong, Lintong, Tongchuan , Xianyang, Yan'an, Ankang.
- Qinqiang, the representative folk opera of Shaanxi
Professional sports teams based in Shaanxi include:
The most devastating earthquake in history occurred near Hua Shan , in south-eastern part of Shaanxi Province on January 24, 1556, killing an estimated 830,000 people. (See 1556 Shaanxi earthquake)