This is about Surrey, England. There are also articles about other uses of the name
Status: Ceremonial & Administrative County
Region: South East England
Area: - Total - Admin. council Ranked 35th 1,663 km² Ranked 31st
Admin HQ: Kingston
ISO 3166-2: GB-SRY
ONS code: 43
NUTS 3: UKJ23
Population: - Total ( 2002 est.) - Density - Admin. council Ranked 14th 1,059,900 637 / km² Ranked 5th
Ethnicity: 95.0% White 2.2% S.Asian
Surrey County Council http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/
Members of Parliament
Peter Ainsworth, Paul Beresford, Crispin Blunt, Virginia Bottomley, Sue Doughty, Chris Grayling, Philip Hammond, Nick Hawkins, Humfrey Malins, Ian Taylor, David Wilshire
Epsom and Ewell
Reigate and Banstead
Surrey is a county in southern England, one of the ' Home Counties'. It is divided into a number of districts - Elmbridge, Epsom and Ewell, Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge, Waverley, Woking, and borders on Hampshire, Berkshire, Greater London, Kent, East Sussex and West Sussex.
Surrey has a population of approximately one million. The traditional county town is
Kingston upon Thames, which was lost to the county following the continued expansion of London. The present county town is Guildford which despite having a cathedral is not a city, and which is home to the University of Surrey. Today, the council is still based in Kingston although there are plans to move the offices to Woking.
Due to its proximity to London there are a great many commuter villages in Surrey, the population density is very high and the denizens of the county are more affluent, on average, than other
Much of Surrey is in the
Green Belt and, since the soil is very sandy and agriculture not intensive, there are a large number of footpaths, bridleways and commons or Access lands . Therefore Surrey provides much in the way of rural leisure activities, the horse population being very large.
Much of Surrey is rolling downland, the
North Downs Way being a scenic long-distance path. There are many notable beauty spots including Box Hill, Frensham Ponds and Puttenham Common .
The highest point in Surrey is
Leith Hill near Dorking at 965 feet (294 m) above sea level.
History of Surrey.
The name comes from the
Old English suther-ge meaning southern district and is first recorded in A.D. 722 as Suthrige.
Surrey was anciently divided into the fourteen
hundreds of Blackheath , Brixton , Copthorne, Effingham , Elmbridge, Farnham , Godalming , Godley, Kingston , Reigate , Tandridge, Wallington , Woking and Wotton .
1889, Surrey contained the present-day London boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and Wandsworth. In 1965 the boroughs of Croydon, Kingston, Merton, Richmond and Sutton were made part of Greater London, and Spelthorne acquired from Middlesex.
1974 local government reform caused Gatwick Airport and some surrounding land to be transferred to West Sussex. In the enactment of Local Government Act 1972, Horley and Charlwood were also to be transferred, but fierce local protests led to a reversal of this decision.
Towns and Villages
Abinger Common , Abinger Hammer, Addlestone , Albury , Alfold, Ash , Ashford, Ashtead
Bagshot, Banstead , Betchworth , Bisley, Bletchingley , Blindley Heath , Bramley, Brockham, Buckland , Burgh Heath , Byfleet
Camberley, Capel , Caterham , Chaldon , Charlwood, Chertsey, Chiddingfold, Chipstead , Chobham, Christmaspie , Churt , Claygate , Cobham, Cranleigh
Dorking, Dormans Land , Dunsfold
Earlswood , East Clandon , East Horsley, Effingham, Egham, Elstead, Englefield Green , Epsom, Esher, Ewell , Ewhurst
Farncombe, Farnham, Fetcham, Forest Green , Frensham , Frimley
Godalming, Godstone Green , Gomshall , Great Bookham, Guildford
Hambledon, Hascombe, Haslemere, Headley, Hersham, Hindhead, Holmbury St Mary , Holmwood , Hooley , Horley, Horsell, Hurst Green
Leatherhead, Limpsfield , Lingfield, Little Bookham
Merrow, Merstham, Mickleham, Milford
Normandy , Nutfield
Ockham, Ockley , Onslow Village, Ottershaw , Outwood , Oxshott, Oxted
Peaslake , Pirbright, Pyrford, Puttenham
Redhill, Reigate, Ripley, Rowley,
Salfords , Send, Shackleford, Shalford, Shepperton, Shere , Shottermill , South Godstone , Staines, Stoke D'Abernon
Tadworth, Tandridge, Thames Ditton, Thorpe , Thursley, Tilford, Tongham
Walton-on-Thames, Walton-on-the-Hill , Wanborough , Warlingham, West Clandon, West Horsley , West End , Westcott , Wentworth, Weybridge, Whyteleafe , Windlesham , Wisley, Witley, Woking, Woldingham , Wonersh , Wood Street Village , Wormley, Worplesdon , Wotton
Places of interest
National Trust properties
Box Hill just north of Dorking is woodland and chalk downland with
superb views from the top of the hill. The eminent British myrmecologist and coleopterist Horace Donisthorpe freqented this location during his studies of British ants.
Clandon Park, an 18th century Palladian mansion in West
Clandon to the east of Guildford. The house, which holds interesting
collections, and the gardens are both attractive.
Claremont Landscape Garden, south of Esher. The gardens date from
Dapdune Wharf on the River Wey in Guildford is home to a restored
Wey barge, the Reliance.
Devil's Punch Bowl at Hindhead is another common with fine views and
Frensham Common home to a variety of plant, animal and birdlife.
Scenic with pleasant walks (and horse rides). Frensham Great Pond houses
assorted sailing activities whilst Frensham Little Pond provides family
Hatchlands Park in East Clandon, east of Guildford, was built in
1758 with Robert Adam interiors and a fine keyboard collection.
Holmbury St Mary is a charming village in an
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, close to the Greensand Way and North Downs Way. It was developed in the 19th century and still has a mainly Victorian character as on the whole no new building is allowed. The youth hostel, constructed in the village in 1935, was the first purpose-built by the Youth Hostel Association .
Leith Hill to the south west of Dorking is the highest point in
south-east England. Woods, Rhodedendrons and magnificent views from the many walks.
Oakhurst Cottage in Hambledon near Godalming is a restored 16th century worker's home.
Polesden Lacey at south of Great Bookham is a
Regency villa with
extensive grounds. Each summer open air theatre is presented in the
River Wey & Godalming Navigations from Godalming to the
Thames at Weybridge. Interesting scenery, well kept locks and well
maintained towpaths make for pleasant walks.
Runnymede at Egham is the site of the signing of the Magna Carta
in 1215. Attractive meadows and woodland, part of which are a Site of Special Scientific Interest.
Shalford Mill is an 18th century water-mill on the River
Winkworth Arboretum south east of Godalming was created in the
20th century with impressive flowers in the spring and magnificent
colours in the autumn.
Witley Common is heathland south of Godalming.
Wotton Wotton House was the family seat of
John Evelyn, the 17th-century diarist and horticulturist.
Other places of interest
Hindhead - Devil's Punch Bowl, Thursley. This is a totally secluded cottage in a rural beauty spot and has no car access.
Holmbury St Mary - In wooded grounds in the hills with easy access. SE of Abinger.
Tanners Hatch - A cottage in the woods on the outskirts of Ranmore Common NW of Dorking.
Official county website
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