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The Thirteen Colonies were 13 British colonies in North America, separately chartered and governed, that signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and formally broke with the Kingdom of Great Britain, leading to the American Revolutionary War and the establishment of the United States of America.
Other British North American possessions—the former French colony of Quebec and the colonies of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island—remained loyal to the British Crown and much later were united as Canada. The colonies of East Florida and West Florida also remained loyal during the American Revolution.
The Thirteen Colonies
*Vermont was disputed territory between New York and New Hampshire. Today is it considered part of New England.
Other British colonies in North America and the Caribbean in 1776
Britain held several other colonies in North America and the Caribbean in 1776 which did not join the 13 in their American Revolution against the Crown.
Future Canadian provinces
In 1775, the British
claimed authority over both the red and pink areas on this map and Spain
ruled the orange west of the Mississippi river
. The red area is the area of the 13 colonies after the Proclamation of 1763. (Map produced by U.S. Dept. of Interior.)
Future American states
Future independent countries
Future British overseas territories